7

4 unit.
It Takes Many Kinds to Make the World

       

Revision

          • BEHAVIOUR AND MANNERS
          • APPEARANCE
          • PERSONALITY
          • LIKES AND DISLIKES
          • BELIEFS AND OPINIONS
          • WHY IS IT GOOD TO BE DIFFERENT?
          • WE ARE DIFFERENT, WE ARE ALIKE

1. A. Look around you and name the colours of the things you see.

B. Look at the pictures and say which of the objects are:

  1. dark/light blue;
  2. dark/light green;
  3. dark/light brown;
  4. dark/iight

2. Ask your friend:

  1. what his favourite colour is;
  2. what colour most of the houses in his/her street are;
  3. what colour the sky in the spring is;
  4. what colour the first spring flowers are;
  5. what colour his/her favourite sweater is;
  6. what colour the planet Mars fma:z] is;
  7. what colour his/her best friends eyes are.

3. A. The Robinsons have got an old car. They want to paint their car to make it look more attractive. Unfortunately they cannot agree upon the colour for their car. Say what colour each of them chose. The words can help you.

Example: Norman wants to paint the car emerald green.

Jack blue
John black
Duncan white
Jenny red

Mary yellow
Norman green
Peter grey
Ann green

B. Imagine that you have a car. What colour would you like to paint it? Whats your second choice?

4. We often have to describe objects from different points of view. To do it accurately we need certain words.

A. Remember all the adjectives that describe:

  1. the size of an object;
  2. the shape of an object;
  3. what an object is made of.

B. Listen to the recording, 18, and check yourselves.

. Memorize some new words to continue these lists:

Size:

tiny
bulky
broad
narrow

Feel:

smooth
rough
sharp
blunt
pointed
fluffy

Weight:

heavy
light

Shape:

straight
regular in shape
irregular in shape
shaped like a ball (star, heart ...) (, ...)

Temperature:

cool
stone-cold
ice-cold ,
pleasantly warm
piping hot

5. Express the same in a different way.

Example: Boots made of rubber are rubber boots.

  1. A bag made of paper is ...
  2. A bowl made of plastic is ...
  3. A key made of metal ...
  4. A ring made of silver ...
  5. A watch made of gold ...
  6. A chimney made of iron ...
  7. A dish made of glass ...
  8. A belt made of leather ...

6. These are some adjectives that describe taste and smell. Name at least 3 objects for which such tastes and smells are typical.

Example: Mustard is usually bitter (in taste).

bitter, salty, sweet, sour, pleasant, nice, terrible

4. A. Read this description and guess what object is described here.

This object is not very large, its as big as a tennis ball, sometimes a little bigger or a little smaller. It is usually round and quite regular in shape. When you touch it, it feels smooth and firm. It is usually cool and smells fresh. You can eat it and it tastes sweet or sweet and sour. It can be red, yellow or green. What is it?

B. Describe these objects: a knife, a bed, a stone, a pencil, a wardrobe.

C. Think of an object and describe it. Let your classmates guess what object you mean.

8. Continue the lists with more nouns, see whose list is the longest.

1) (a) tiny bell, ...
2) (a) bulky suitcase, .
3) (a) sharp axe [seks],
4) (a) narrow door, ...
5) (a) broad river, ...
6) (a) fluffy cat, ...

7) (a) smooth cheek,
8) (a) rough sheet, ..
9) (a) blunt pencil, .
10) (a) pointed pen, ..
11) (a) heavy bag, ...
12) (a) straight path,

9. Look at the list of adjectives and divide them into 3 categories:

  1. adjectives describing a persons appearance;
  2. adjectives describing a persons character;
  3. adjectives describing other qualities.

attractive
boring
educated
fragile
independent
famous
noble
greedy
bouncy
lonely
modest
smart

slim
attentive
stupid
short
progressive
cheerful
mysterious
strong
fat
curious
young
wicked

tall
serious
ugly
gloomy
clever
polite
brave
honest
great
wise
thin
sad

poor
stern
pleasant
shy
careless
lazy
free
dull
lovely
slow
tidy
firm

10. Describe these people and think of what kind of people they are.

11. These are some popular characters from childrens books. Choose one of them or any other character you remember well and describe him or her.

a) Robin Hood
b) Robinson Crusoe
c) Tom Sawyer
d) Oliver Twist

e) Alice (from Alice in Wonderland)
f) Cinderella
g) .........................................

12. Look at the table to remember how to form the degrees of comparison of adjectives. Give 3 examples of your own to illustrate their usage. See Reference Grammar, p. 322324.

Adjectives. Degrees of Comparison

13. A. Read the poem, 19, and say to whom it can be addressed and who, in your opinion, the speaker is.

Just for You

        I picked1 the reddest apple from the tree.
        It was the finest one that I could see.
        I saved2 it all except a bite or two
        Just for you.

        I carried home the groceries from the store.
        I wanted to be helpful with a chore.3
        I put them all away except a few
        Just for you.

        Some day Ill be grown-up too,
        And if I can, Ill grow up just like you.
        I ate up all my lunch just like you said,
        But I think there was a little too much bread
        And so I left the crust4 when I was through
        Just for you.

1 to pick .
2 to save ,
3 a chore (no )
4 a crust

B. Complete the chart with the missing forms of these adjectives from the poem.



helpful



(the) reddest
(the) finest

C. Make up a similar poem of your own under the title Just for You.

14. A. Ask your classmates questions beginning with Which is ... ?" and let them answer these questions. Use the ideas below and your own ideas.

Example: Russia, China, Canada Which of these countries is the largest? Russia (is).

  1. a kangaroo, a horse, a cheetah (fast)
  2. English, French, Chinese (widely spoken)
  3. the Nile, the Volga, the Mississippi (long)
  4. the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean (big)
  5. the Tower of London, St Pauls Cathedral, the National Gallery (old)
  6. a Volga, a Ford, a Rolls-Royce (expensive)
  7. English grammar, English pronunciation, English spelling (difficult for you)
  8. Italy, Norway, Germany (cold/warm)
  9. Moscow, St Petersburg, Tula (populated)
  10. a hot climate, a cold climate, a mild climate (healthy)

B. Use the same ideas and make up more questions on the models that follow. Ask your classmates to answer these questions.

    Model 1: Is China as large as Canada?
    Model 2: Is China larger or smaller than Canada?
    Model 3: Is English less popular than Chinese?

15. Work in groups of 46 students and find out these things about each other:

  1. who can eat more chocolate bars than the others;
  2. who sleeps the longest hours;
  3. who has ever tasted the most exotic food;
  4. who finds English the most difficult school subject of all;
  5. who spends the most time outdoors;
  6. who is the tallest;
  7. whose home is the farthest from/the closest to the school;
  8. whose grandparents are the oldest/the youngest;
  9. who spends their holidays in the most interesting way;
  10. who has the most unusual pet/pets.

16. Look at the table to remember how to form the present perfect continuous fense. See Reference Grammar, p. 332333.

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

17. Look at the picture on p. 111 and say what the people have been doing and for how long.

18. Little Alec doesnt understand some things about his friends and relatives. Try and explain these things to him. Use the verbs in brackets in present perfect continuous.

  1. Why are my sisters eyes red? (cry)
  2. Why are my brothers hands dirty? (work in the garden)
  3. Why are Janes hands covered in flour? (make a pie)
  4. Why is the room in such a mess? (pack)
  5. Why does my cousin look so hot? (run)
  6. Why does Granny look sleepy? (sleep)
  7. Why are Philips clothes torn? (fight)
  8. Why is Uncle Rogers face red? (lie in the sun)

19. Read the sentences below and translate them into Russian.

  1. a) Weve been learning English for 6 years, b) John has learnt two sonnets by Shakespeare this month.
  2. a) Sorry about the mess: Ive been painting the house since lunchtime, b) My brother has painted Grannys room.
  3. a) Margaret has been lying in bed all day. b) For centuries the pirates gold has lain under that tree.
  4. a) Jane hasnt been working very well recently, b) My Granny hasnt worked for years.
  5. a) Mr Brown has been waiting for half an hour, b) He has never waited for anybody.

20. Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets either in present perfect or present perfect continuous.

  1. Patricia cant go on holiday. She (break) her leg.
  2. I cant listen to him any more. He (lecture) us for an hour and a half.
  3. Boris never (speak) Chinese.
  4. We (phone) Mrs James for half an hour but cant get through.
  5. You (phone) Mrs James? Sorry, not yet. Ill do it in a minute,
  6. Irene (live) in Sallys flat over the last month.
  7. Janes voice sounds strange. She (cry)? Oh no. She (laugh).
  8. How long you (live) here?
  9. Eliza (work) as a teacher here since she left London.
  10. What you (cook) all morning, dear?

21. Express the same in English.

  1. 20 .
  2. .
  3. ?
  4. , ( ).
  5. ! 6. .
  6. 3 , .
  7. ? .
  8. ?

22. A. See if you remember words from Units 13 and give these in English:

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

. Make up sentences with word combinations above.

ASSESS YOUR RESULTS

 

 

 

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