23. A. Read the text once carefully and say how Christopher Milne is related to A. A. Milne.
A. A. Milne
Alan Alexander Milne [nulnj was born in London on January 18th, 1882. His father was the headmaster of a small preparatory school.1 One of the teachers at the school was the famous writer H. G. Wells.
Milne, the youngest of the family's three sons, went to Westminster School at the age of 11 and then went on to Cambridge to become a mathematician. But he never did.
Instead he became editor of the universityТs journal УGrantaФ in which he published some of his light humorous poems. Then he went to London hoping to earn his living as a writer. By and by London magazines began to publish his witty works, and in 1905 he published his first book, a shilling paperback collection of humorous essays. Aged only 24 he was given a post of assistant editor of the famous magazine УPunchФ,2 preparatory (prep) school Ч a private school in Britain for children between ages of 8 and 13, where they are made ready to go to a school for older pupils at the salary of 5 pounds a week Ч a lot of money at that time.
In 1913 he married Dorothy De Selincourt (Daphne f'daefni] to her friends) and the following year, when the war broke out, he joined the Army. At the front line he got ill and had to return home, to London.
The MilnesТ only child was born on August 21st, 1920. Mrs Milne had hoped for a girl, to be called Rosemary ... instead she presented her husband with a lovely, fair-haired and adorable son, Christopher Robin. The Milnes bought him a teddy bear for his first birthday. The teddy bear was soon named Winnie, after a real-life bear that lived at London Zoo.
A. A. Milne wrote a lot of poems for Christopher Robin and about him. Some of the poems became very popular songs.
One rainy summer Milne rented a house in the country. He took with him a pencil and an exercise book, and in eleven days wrote so many childrenТs poems that they filled a book. It was published in 1924 under the name УWhen We Were Very YoungФ and sold half a million copies!
In 1925 the Milnes bought a farm in Sussex, which they used for weekends away from London. From this old house it was a short walk over a bridge into the Ashdown f'aejdaun] Forest where Christopher Robin and his teddy, now known by the name of Winnie-the-Pooh or Pooh-bear, used to play. Each daily adventure in the Forest gave A. A. Milne more material for his now famous book УWinnie-the-PoohФ published in 1926. The illustrations to it were done by Ernest Shepard, who visited the Milne family in their farmhouse and drew quite a few sketches of Christopher Robin with his bear, the bridge nearby where the two played УPoohsticksФ,3 preparatory (prep) school Ч a private school in Britain for children between ages of 8 and 13, where they are made ready to go to a school for older pupils and all the well-loved Pooh characters and places.
A. A. MilneТs secret for success was that he could get inside the mind of a child. He used his story-telling talents to describe how one little boy so loved his teddy bear that Ч for him at least Ч the toy animal came alive. After the book УWinnie-the-Pooh" A. A. Milne wrote another books of childrenТs verses Ч УNow We Are SixФ and УThe House at Pooh CornerФ which sold to a waiting public in millions of copies. The four Pooh books and MilneТs enjoyable play УToad of Toad HallФ are still as popular today as they were many years ago when they were written.
Christopher Milne (he no longer uses the name Robin) spent six years in the army during the war. Then he ran a bookshop in Dartmouth until he retired to live in the countryside.
What happened to Winnie-the-Pooh? Well, the bear was put into a glass case with all the other toy animals like Eeyore the donkey and little Piglet, at the MilnesТ house in London when Christopher went off to school in 1930. Then, when the war came, the toys were СevacuatedТ to America. Now they belong to some American publishing houses.
1 preparatory (prep) school Ч a private school in Britain for children between ages of 8 and 13, where they are made ready to go to a school for older pupils
2 УPunch" Ч a British weekly magazine (1841Ч1992) known for its humorous articles and its literary criticism
3 УPoohsticksФ Ч a game played by characters in which sticks are thrown into a stream above a bridge, after which the players watch to see which stick appears at 114 the other side of the bridge first (from the stories of Winnie-the-Pooh)
B. Complete the sentences with the appropriate variants.
Alan Alexander Milne ________________.
a) bought a teddy bear when he learned that he had a son
b) began writing poems in the army
c) created a lot of verses when his son was little
d) began his career as a mathematician
A. A. Milne became a popular writer because __________________.
a) he could see the world through the eyes of a child
b) his little son gave him a lot of material for writing
c) Ernest Shepard illustrated his books very well
d) he had a talent for writing poetry
24. Now that youТve read the text once say:
A. Who is who in the text?
Alan Alexander Milne
H. G. Wells
Eeyore the donkey
a famous writer
Alan MilneТs son
the man who did illustrations for
a teddy bear
the author of УWinnie-the-PoohФ
a toy animal
Alan MilneТs wife
¬. Say true, false or not stated.
Alan Alexander MilneТs father was a doctor.
Milne became a mathematician.
In London Milne worked for a famous magazine.
MilneТs wife didnТt want him to join the Army.
Christopher Robin is the name of a bear.
Milne wrote a lot of poems for Christopher Robin.
Milne wrote a book about PoohТs adventures in the Forest.
Milne drew illustrations for his book himself.
All the Pooh books became very popular.
Now Christopher RobinТs old toys are in Australia.
25. Read the text again for more detailed information and find in it the words and word combinations which mean:
1. директор небольшой подготовительной школы
3. редактор университетского журнала
4. он опубликовал
5. незамысловатые юмористические стихи
6. остроумные произведени€
7. (книга) в м€гкой обложке
8. юмористические очерки
9. помощник редактора
11. подарила своему мужу
12. обожаемый сын
13. плюшевый/игрушечный медведь
14. сн€л/арендовал дом
17. (игрушка) ожила
18. книга детских стихов
19. он был управл€ющим (менеджером) в книжном магазине
20. игрушки были Ђэвакуированыї
26. Answer the questions.
Where was A. A. Milne born? In what century was he born?
When did he publish his first book? Where did he publish it?
How much did MilneТs first book cost?
What famous magazine did Milne work for?
Why did A. A. Milne have to return home from the front line?
Whose teddy bear was Winnie-the-Pooh?
What was the first book A. A. Milne wrote for children?
8. What did Milne write about in his book УWinnie-the-PoohФ?
9. Why did Ernest Shepard draw sketches of Christopher Robin with a bear?
10. What was A. A. MilneТs secret for success?
11. How much do you know about Christopher Milne?
12. What happened to Winnie-the-Pooh and other toy animals when Christopher Robin went off to school?