9. Read the text and say: a) what you think about the tradition described in it and b) if Russian people have such a tradition.
To know a country we should know its traditions. Sending greetings cards is one of them. Greetings cards are very popular in Britain. The most common kinds of greetings cards are birthday cards, congratulations cards, sympathy cards,1 get-well cards, and cards for special days.
Birthday cards. There are special family birthday cards for mothers, fathers, sisters, and brothers. There are cards which are special for friends, teachers, and other people. Children’s cards often have a large number on them showing how old the children are. Cards for adults have pictures of flowers or scenery, or humorous cartoons.
Congratulations cards. These greetings cards are used for such things as the birth of a baby, a wedding2 or an anniversary.3 You can even buy a congratulations card for a person who gets a new house or a new job!
Sympathy cards are sent when someone dies. You should send the card to the person you know best in the family. The sympathy card means “I’m sorry”.
Get-well cards. If a friend is sick, at home or in hospital, you can send a get-well card. A get-well card means “I hope you will feel better soon”.
Special occasion cards are sent to family and friends on some of the special days during the year; for example, on Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Easter, Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Halloween. On 14 February some children give valentines to each other in their classes in school. Teenagers and grown-ups sometimes send valentines to their girlfriends, boyfriends, husbands or wives.
1 sympathy cards — открытки, предназначенные для выражения сочувствия или соболезнования
2 a wedding — свадьба
3 an anniversary — юбилей, торжество
10. Answer the questions to see if you understood the text well.
What are five different kinds of greetings cards?
What kind of cards do people buy most often?
Are there different kinds of birthday cards?
What are congratulations cards used for?
When do you send a sympathy card?
What does a get-well card mean?
Can you name some special occasion cards?
What kind of special occasion cards is most popular with young children?
* * * * * Let Us Talk * * * * *
11. Say what kind of greetings card British people send when:
someone they know is getting married;
someone they know is in hospital;
it’s February 14th;
it’s December 25th;
someone they know has flu and has to stay in bed for a week;
some people they know have been married for 20 years today;
someone they know has a baby;
someone they know has died;
someone they know is 13 years old today;
someone they know has got a new flat.
12. a) Read the text on the postcard and say who wrote the postcard, to whom and why.
b) Say if you think it is a good idea to send such cards to people to thank them for their kindness, help and hospitality.1 Why?
1 hospitality — гостеприимство
13. Speak about the tradition of sending postcards in Russia. Say:
when Russian people send postcards;
to whom they send such cards;
what traditional cards are like;
if the greetings cards have changed;
where you can buy such cards;
if they send cards to people who are ill;
if you like to send or to get greetings cards;
if you always buy cards or make them yourself.
* * * * * Let Us Write * * * * *
14. Postcards are usually short. Write a postcard to your friend about the place that impressed you most in England.
15. Here are some greetings cards for you to write. The lines on them are all mixed up. Rewrite the lines to have greetings cards you can send to your friends.
16. Write: a) what you would like 1) your mother to do (not less than 3 sentences); 2) your father to do (not less than 3 sentences); 3) your granny to do (not less than 3 sentences);
b) what you think your mother (father, granny) doesn’t want you to do. (Not less than 6 sentences.)
Example: I would like my mother to take me to McDonald’s one day. I think my mother doesn’t like me to shout loudly.
* * * * * Let us listen and Discuss * * * * *
17. a) Make sure you know these words:
to prefer (preferred, preferred) — предпочитать
nearby — поблизости
b) Listen to the tape, 43, and answer these questions.
Why did Jim become a thief?
What people worked for him?
Why did Jim have to explain to them exactly what they should do?
What information did Jim get one day?
Why did Jim send one of his people to the house?
What did he see through the window?
Why did he tell Jim that the family they were going to rob was the wrong family?
18. Tell the story of “The Wrong Family” to your friends who haven’t heard it.