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”чебник английского €зыка
7 класс

4 unit.
It Takes Many Kinds to Make the World



          • APPEARANCE
          • PERSONALITY

1. A. Look around you and name the colours of the things you see.

B. Look at the pictures and say which of the objects are:

  1. dark/light blue;
  2. dark/light green;
  3. dark/light brown;
  4. dark/iight

2. Ask your friend:

  1. what his favourite colour is;
  2. what colour most of the houses in his/her street are;
  3. what colour the sky in the spring is;
  4. what colour the first spring flowers are;
  5. what colour his/her favourite sweater is;
  6. what colour the planet Mars fma:z] is;
  7. what colour his/her best friendТs eyes are.

3. A. The Robinsons have got an old car. They want to paint their car to make it look more attractive. Unfortunately they cannot agree upon the colour for their car. Say what colour each of them chose. The words can help you.

Example: Norman wants to paint the car emerald green.

Jack Ч blue
John Ч black
Duncan Ч white
Jenny Ч red

Mary Ч yellow
Norman Ч green
Peter Ч grey
Ann Ч green

B. Imagine that you have a car. What colour would you like to paint it? WhatТs your second choice?

4. We often have to describe objects from different points of view. To do it accurately we need certain words.

A. Remember all the adjectives that describe:

  1. the size of an object;
  2. the shape of an object;
  3. what an object is made of.

B. Listen to the recording, 18, and check yourselves.

—. Memorize some new words to continue these lists:


tiny Ч крошечный
bulky Ч громоздкий
broad Ч широкий
narrow Ч узкий


smooth Ч гладкий
rough Ч шершавый
sharp Ч острый
blunt Ч тупой
pointed Ч заострЄнный
fluffy Ч пушистый


heavy Ч т€жЄлый
light Ч лЄгкий


straight Ч пр€мой
regular in shape Ч правильной формы
irregular in shape Ч неправильной формы
shaped like a ball (star, heart ...) Ч в форме шара (звезды, сердца...)


cool Ч прохладный
stone-cold Ч холодный как лЄд
ice-cold Ч очень холодный, лед€ной
pleasantly warm Ч при€тно тЄплый
piping hot Ч обжигающе гор€чий

5. Express the same in a different way.

Example: Boots made of rubber are rubber boots.

  1. A bag made of paper is ...
  2. A bowl made of plastic is ...
  3. A key made of metal ...
  4. A ring made of silver ...
  5. A watch made of gold ...
  6. A chimney made of iron ...
  7. A dish made of glass ...
  8. A belt made of leather ...

6. These are some adjectives that describe taste and smell. Name at least 3 objects for which such tastes and smells are typical.

Example: Mustard is usually bitter (in taste).

bitter, salty, sweet, sour, pleasant, nice, terrible

4. A. Read this description and guess what object is described here.

This object is not very large, itТs as big as a tennis ball, sometimes a little bigger or a little smaller. It is usually round and quite regular in shape. When you touch it, it feels smooth and firm. It is usually cool and smells fresh. You can eat it and it tastes sweet or sweet and sour. It can be red, yellow or green. What is it?

B. Describe these objects: a knife, a bed, a stone, a pencil, a wardrobe.

C. Think of an object and describe it. Let your classmates guess what object you mean.

8. Continue the lists with more nouns, see whose list is the longest.

1) (a) tiny bell, ...
2) (a) bulky suitcase, .
3) (a) sharp axe [seks],
4) (a) narrow door, ...
5) (a) broad river, ...
6) (a) fluffy cat, ...

7) (a) smooth cheek,
8) (a) rough sheet, ..
9) (a) blunt pencil, .
10) (a) pointed pen, ..
11) (a) heavy bag, ...
12) (a) straight path,

9. Look at the list of adjectives and divide them into 3 categories:

  1. adjectives describing a personТs appearance;
  2. adjectives describing a personТs character;
  3. adjectives describing other qualities.





10. Describe these people and think of what kind of people they are.

11. These are some popular characters from childrenТs books. Choose one of them or any other character you remember well and describe him or her.

a) Robin Hood
b) Robinson Crusoe
c) Tom Sawyer
d) Oliver Twist

e) Alice (from УAlice in WonderlandФ)
f) Cinderella
g) .........................................

12. Look at the table to remember how to form the degrees of comparison of adjectives. Give 3 examples of your own to illustrate their usage. See Reference Grammar, p. 322Ч324.

Adjectives. Degrees of Comparison

13. A. Read the poem, 19, and say to whom it can be addressed and who, in your opinion, the speaker is.

Just for You

        I picked1 the reddest apple from the tree.
        It was the finest one that I could see.
        I saved2 it all except a bite or two
        Just for you.

        I carried home the groceries from the store.
        I wanted to be helpful with a chore.3
        I put them all away except a few
        Just for you.

        Some day IТll be grown-up too,
        And if I can, IТll grow up just like you.
        I ate up all my lunch just like you said,
        But I think there was a little too much bread
        And so I left the crust4 when I was through
        Just for you.

1 to pick Ч ад. сорвать
2 to save Ч сохранить, сберечь
3 a chore Ч работа (no дому)
4 a crust Ч корочка

B. Complete the chart with the missing forms of these adjectives from the poem.



(the) reddest
(the) finest

C. Make up a similar poem of your own under the title УJust for YouФ.

14. A. Ask your classmates questions beginning with УWhich is ... ?" and let them answer these questions. Use the ideas below and your own ideas.

Example: Russia, China, Canada Ч Which of these countries is the largest? Ч Russia (is).

  1. a kangaroo, a horse, a cheetah (fast)
  2. English, French, Chinese (widely spoken)
  3. the Nile, the Volga, the Mississippi (long)
  4. the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean (big)
  5. the Tower of London, St PaulТs Cathedral, the National Gallery (old)
  6. a Volga, a Ford, a Rolls-Royce (expensive)
  7. English grammar, English pronunciation, English spelling (difficult for you)
  8. Italy, Norway, Germany (cold/warm)
  9. Moscow, St Petersburg, Tula (populated)
  10. a hot climate, a cold climate, a mild climate (healthy)

B. Use the same ideas and make up more questions on the models that follow. Ask your classmates to answer these questions.

    Model 1: Is China as large as Canada?
    Model 2: Is China larger or smaller than Canada?
    Model 3: Is English less popular than Chinese?

15. Work in groups of 4Ч6 students and find out these things about each other:

  1. who can eat more chocolate bars than the others;
  2. who sleeps the longest hours;
  3. who has ever tasted the most exotic food;
  4. who finds English the most difficult school subject of all;
  5. who spends the most time outdoors;
  6. who is the tallest;
  7. whose home is the farthest from/the closest to the school;
  8. whose grandparents are the oldest/the youngest;
  9. who spends their holidays in the most interesting way;
  10. who has the most unusual pet/pets.

16. Look at the table to remember how to form the present perfect continuous fense. See Reference Grammar, p. 332Ч333.

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

17. Look at the picture on p. 111 and say what the people have been doing and for how long.

18. Little Alec doesnТt understand some things about his friends and relatives. Try and explain these things to him. Use the verbs in brackets in present perfect continuous.

  1. Why are my sisterТs eyes red? (cry)
  2. Why are my brotherТs hands dirty? (work in the garden)
  3. Why are JaneТs hands covered in flour? (make a pie)
  4. Why is the room in such a mess? (pack)
  5. Why does my cousin look so hot? (run)
  6. Why does Granny look sleepy? (sleep)
  7. Why are PhilipТs clothes torn? (fight)
  8. Why is Uncle RogerТs face red? (lie in the sun)

19. Read the sentences below and translate them into Russian.

  1. a) WeТve been learning English for 6 years, b) John has learnt two sonnets by Shakespeare this month.
  2. a) Sorry about the mess: IТve been painting the house since lunchtime, b) My brother has painted GrannyТs room.
  3. a) Margaret has been lying in bed all day. b) For centuries the piratesТ gold has lain under that tree.
  4. a) Jane hasnТt been working very well recently, b) My Granny hasnТt worked for years.
  5. a) Mr Brown has been waiting for half an hour, b) He has never waited for anybody.

20. Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in brackets either in present perfect or present perfect continuous.

  1. Patricia canТt go on holiday. She (break) her leg.
  2. I canТt listen to him any more. He (lecture) us for an hour and a half.
  3. Boris never (speak) Chinese.
  4. We (phone) Mrs James for half an hour but canТt get through.
  5. Ч You (phone) Mrs James? Ч Sorry, not yet. IТll do it in a minute,
  6. Irene (live) in SallyТs flat over the last month.
  7. Ч JaneТs voice sounds strange. She (cry)? Ч Oh no. She (laugh).
  8. How long you (live) here?
  9. Eliza (work) as a teacher here since she left London.
  10. What you (cook) all morning, dear?

21. Express the same in English.

  1. ћы знаем друг друга 20 лет.
  2. ћои друзь€ изучают английский €зык четыре года.
  3. “ы выучил эти глаголы?
  4. ћы никогда не были в японии, но всегда хотели побывать там (посетить эту страну).
  5. ќн катаетс€ на велосипеде целый вечер! 6. јнна неважно работает в последнее врем€.
  6. ќна не пишет стихи уже 3 года, но она написала много стихотворений за свою жизнь.
  7. Ч ѕочему ты такой гр€зный? Ч я играл с –ексом в саду.
  8.  ак давно ты ждЄшь ћашу?

22. A. See if you remember words from Units 1Ч3 and give these in English:

полна€ чашка молока, толкнуть дверь, извилиста€ тропка, заводить часы, чиста€ скатерть, с сожалением, твЄрдое решение, подоткнуть оде€ло, близкий друг, ваза с фруктами, с трудом сводить концы с концами, стучать в окно, говорить с сожалением, полна€ столова€ ложка лекарства, лЄгка€ коробка, свеча в подсвечнике, борьба с врагами, скакать как м€чик по комнате.

¬. Make up sentences with word combinations above.