53. These are answers to several questions on the text. Make up the questions.
When Danny was four months old.
No, he looked after Danny all by himself.
No, Danny was an only child in the family.
In an old gypsy caravan.
He was a cheerful man.
One hundred and fifty years old.
Particularly in the evenings.
They had electric light in the workshop.
54. Explain why:
there were just two people in DannyТs family;
DannyТs father struggled to make both ends meet;
the life of DannyТs father was not easy;
DannyТs father thought they should have a fine workshop;
Danny had dirt and oil all over him;
DannyТs father often looked serious and gloomy;
Danny loved his caravan particularly in the evenings;
Danny called his father Уthe most wonderful and exciting father any boy ever hadФ;
they didnТt have electric lights in the caravan.
55. Imagine that you are: a) Danny and tell the story of his life; b) DannyТs father and speak about DannyТs early years and his life in the caravan. Decide whose story is the best.
56. Say how you understand DannyТs words УThe caravan was our house and our homeФ and comment on them.
Discussing the Topic
Your family are probably the most important people in your life. Families consist of parents and children. But we can also say that a family is a group of people consisting of a parent or parents, children and their close relations:
grandchildren (grandsons and granddaughters)
stepsisters and all in-laws:
Every person goes through different stages in his/her life:
a new-born baby
a baby (an infant)
a little boy/girl
a child coming up to school age
a person coming of age (= is going to be 21 soon)
a person in his/her mid-twenties/-thirties, etc.
an adult (a grown-up)
a middle-aged person
a person getting on in years
a person advanced in years
an elderly person
an old age pensioner
an old man/woman
a person who is as old as the hills
No matter how old you are your family and your friends support you, encourage you in what you do and brighten your life. Good friends are: helpful, supportive, close, devoted, loyal and reliable.
We often ask each other: УWhat is he or she like?Ф and УWhat does he or she look like?Ф To the first question you are likely to say,1 УHe is a very kind manФ and to the second question you will probably say, УHe is a tall man with black hair and large brown eyes.Ф
You, your family and friends usually do certain things together, you share likes and dislikes and have much in common. These can be your hobbies and pastimes:
Х watching TV
Х going in for sport
Х playing games
Х taking photos
Х collecting things
Х keeping pets
Х going to a disco (discotheque)
Х drawing and painting
Х listening to music
Х playing musical instruments
Х going to the cinema or theatre
Х visiting museums
1 you are likely to say Ч ты, веро€тно, ответишь
57. A. Say what the English for these Russian words are.
свекровь (мать мужа)
свЄкор (отец мужа)
тесть (отец жены)
тЄща (мать жены)
шурин (брат жены)
деверь (брат мужа)
сноха (жена сына по отношению к его отцу)
золовка (сестра мужа)
невестка (жена брата или жена сына или замужн€€ женщина по отношению к родным еЄ мужа)
B. Name all the relatives that your mother and your father have. Say how you can describe their age.
C. Describe one of your relatives. Say what he/she is like and what he/she looks like.
58. Say how people can describe your age when you are;
three months old
two years old
four years old
thirteen years old
thirty-five years old
forty-seven years old
ninety-eight years old
59. Think of the qualities1 that make a good parent and a good child, Compare your lists. Decide which of these qualities are more important and less important.
a) A good parent is someone who:
Ч thinks about the childТs safety2 Ч talks to the child
b) A good child (son or daughter) is someone who:
Ч has good manners
Ч helps about the house
60. Answer the questions about yourselves, your families and friends.
What is better: to have a small family or a big family with a lot of children and other relations? Why?
What is your family like? Have you got any brothers or sisters? Are you good friends with them?
Have you got baby brothers and sisters? Do you help your mother to take care of them? What do you do?
What is an ideal family as you see it?
What are your family's favourite pastimes? What do you like to do together?
Do your parents know your friends and do you know theirs? Is it important that you should know each otherТs friends? Why?
Do you have any good friends? What are they like? What do they look like?
Why is it good to have friends?
Do friends always have much in common? Is it important in friendship?
Can girls and boys be good friends? Why? Why not?
Are you a good friend? What do you do to be a good friend?
1 a quality Ч зд. черта характера
2 safety Ч безопасность
61. Look at these pictures and describe these peopleТs age in other words.
62. Speak about your early years. Ask your parents about their early years and compare them with yours.
63. Look at the picture and make up a story based on it. To make your story more logical write its outline first.
64. Look at these pictures of JaneТs and MarkТs rooms and say how Jane and Mark spend their free time.
65. The words in the word boxes describe different activities. Say what activities they describe. Now choose the activity that you like or dislike most of all and describe it in as much detail as you can.
to unlock the door to natureТs secrets
to enjoy picturesque places
to watch birds and animals
to examine mysteries of plants
to watch the countryside change
to spend a lot of time in the open air
to enjoy a landscape to the full
to climb mountains
to sleep out
to keep/not to keep in cages
to feed regularly
to admire sth
to take for a walk
to show to a vet
to train pets
to teach tricks
to read books about theatre
to visit regularly/occasionally
to watch performances/films favourite actors/actresses
a musical show
a puppet film
to go to the cinema with sb expensive/cheap seats
to read about great artists of the past
to collect books on art
to learn to draw or paint
to take lessons of drawing
to buy paper, brushes, etc.
to draw portraits, landscapes
to make sketches outdoors
to go to picture galleries
the best way to relax1 to enjoy the beauty of sth
to spend a weekend in the garden
to plant flowers, bushes
to look after
to water the plants a large collection of flowers
to be one of lifeТs greatest pleasures
to be fond of music
to collect records and CDs
to go to concerts
to play a musical instrument
to take musical lessons
to go in for dancing
to train regularly
to collect badges (stamps, postcards, pictures, books, etc.)
famous collections and exhibitions
to get some knowledge of history
to exchange things
to spend a lot of money and time on sth
to ask for advice
to join clubs
to learn to cook
to make new dishes
to boil/fry meat (fish, chicken)
to cook for the family (for your friends)
to make soups (sauces, desserts)
to be good at cooking sth
to use spices (vinegar, oil, pepper, etc.)
to ask for advice
to set/lay the table beautifully
to present the food nicely
1 to relax Ч расслабитьс€ (отдохнуть)
66. A. Look at the list of hobbies and pastimes (Ex. 65) and say which of them are:
more intellectual/less intellectual.
B. Say how you feel about all these different kinds of activities (Ex. 65), use: