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3 unit.
Me and My World



Discussing the Text

53. These are answers to several questions on the text. Make up the questions.

  1. When Danny was four months old.
  2. No, he looked after Danny all by himself.
  3. No, Danny was an only child in the family.
  4. In an old gypsy caravan.
  5. He was a cheerful man.
  6. One hundred and fifty years old.
  7. Particularly in the evenings.
  8. They had electric light in the workshop.

54. Explain why:

  1. there were just two people in Dannys family;
  2. Dannys father struggled to make both ends meet;
  3. the life of Dannys father was not easy;
  4. Dannys father thought they should have a fine workshop;
  5. Danny had dirt and oil all over him;
  6. Dannys father often looked serious and gloomy;
  7. Danny loved his caravan particularly in the evenings;
  8. Danny called his father the most wonderful and exciting father any boy ever had;
  9. they didnt have electric lights in the caravan.

55. Imagine that you are: a) Danny and tell the story of his life; b) Dannys father and speak about Dannys early years and his life in the caravan. Decide whose story is the best.

56. Say how you understand Dannys words The caravan was our house and our home and comment on them.

Discussing the Topic

Your family are probably the most important people in your life. Families consist of parents and children. But we can also say that a family is a group of people consisting of a parent or parents, children and their close relations:

  • grandparents
  • great-grandparents
  • grandchildren (grandsons and granddaughters)
  • cousins
  • aunts
  • uncles
  • nieces
  • nephews
  • stepbrothers
  • stepsisters and all in-laws:
    • a mother-in-law
    • a father-in-law
    • a son-in-law
    • a daughter-in-law
    • a sister-in-law
    • a brother-in-law

Every person goes through different stages in his/her life:

  • a new-born baby
  • a baby (an infant)
  • a toddler
  • a little boy/girl
  • a child coming up to school age
  • a teenager
  • a person coming of age (= is going to be 21 soon)
  • a person in his/her mid-twenties/-thirties, etc.
  • an adult (a grown-up)
  • a middle-aged person
  • a person getting on in years
  • a person advanced in years
  • an elderly person
  • an old age pensioner
  • an old man/woman
  • a person who is as old as the hills

No matter how old you are your family and your friends support you, encourage you in what you do and brighten your life. Good friends are: helpful, supportive, close, devoted, loyal and reliable.

We often ask each other: What is he or she like? and What does he or she look like? To the first question you are likely to say,1 He is a very kind man and to the second question you will probably say, He is a tall man with black hair and large brown eyes.

You, your family and friends usually do certain things together, you share likes and dislikes and have much in common. These can be your hobbies and pastimes:

watching TV
going in for sport
playing games
taking photos

collecting things
keeping pets
going to a disco (discotheque)
drawing and painting
listening to music
playing musical instruments
going to the cinema or theatre
visiting museums

1 you are likely to say , ,

57. A. Say what the English for these Russian words are.

    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )
    ( )

B. Name all the relatives that your mother and your father have. Say how you can describe their age.

C. Describe one of your relatives. Say what he/she is like and what he/she looks like.

58. Say how people can describe your age when you are;

    three months old
    two years old
    four years old
    thirteen years old
    thirty-five years old
    forty-seven years old
    ninety-eight years old

59. Think of the qualities1 that make a good parent and a good child, Compare your lists. Decide which of these qualities are more important and less important.

a) A good parent is someone who:
      thinks about the childs safety2
      talks to the child

b) A good child (son or daughter) is someone who:
      has good manners
      helps about the house

60. Answer the questions about yourselves, your families and friends.

  1. What is better: to have a small family or a big family with a lot of children and other relations? Why?
  2. What is your family like? Have you got any brothers or sisters? Are you good friends with them?
  3. Have you got baby brothers and sisters? Do you help your mother to take care of them? What do you do?
  4. What is an ideal family as you see it?
  5. What are your family's favourite pastimes? What do you like to do together?
  6. Do your parents know your friends and do you know theirs? Is it important that you should know each others friends? Why?
  7. Do you have any good friends? What are they like? What do they look like?
  8. Why is it good to have friends?
  9. Do friends always have much in common? Is it important in friendship?
  10. Can girls and boys be good friends? Why? Why not?
  11. Are you a good friend? What do you do to be a good friend?

1 a quality .
2 safety

61. Look at these pictures and describe these peoples age in other words.

62. Speak about your early years. Ask your parents about their early years and compare them with yours.

63. Look at the picture and make up a story based on it. To make your story more logical write its outline first.

64. Look at these pictures of Janes and Marks rooms and say how Jane and Mark spend their free time.

65. The words in the word boxes describe different activities. Say what activities they describe. Now choose the activity that you like or dislike most of all and describe it in as much detail as you can.


to unlock the door to natures secrets
to enjoy picturesque places
to watch birds and animals
to examine mysteries of plants
to watch the countryside change
to spend a lot of time in the open air
to enjoy a landscape to the full
to climb mountains
to sleep out


best friends
to keep/not to keep in cages
to feed regularly
to admire sth
to take for a walk
to show to a vet
to train pets
to teach tricks


to read books about theatre
to visit regularly/occasionally
to watch performances/films favourite actors/actresses
a comedy
a musical show
a puppet film
to go to the cinema with sb expensive/cheap seats


to read about great artists of the past
to collect books on art
to learn to draw or paint
to take lessons of drawing
to buy paper, brushes, etc.
to draw portraits, landscapes
to make sketches outdoors
to go to picture galleries


the best way to relax1
to enjoy the beauty of sth
to spend a weekend in the garden
to plant flowers, bushes
to look after
to water the plants a large collection of flowers
to be one of lifes greatest pleasures


to be fond of music
to collect records and CDs
to go to concerts
to play a musical instrument
to take musical lessons
to go in for dancing
to train regularly


to collect badges (stamps, postcards, pictures, books, etc.)
famous collections and exhibitions
different collections
to get some knowledge of history
to exchange things
to spend a lot of money and time on sth
to ask for advice
to join clubs


to learn to cook
to make new dishes
to boil/fry meat (fish, chicken)
to cook for the family (for your friends)
to make soups (sauces, desserts)
to be good at cooking sth
to use spices (vinegar, oil, pepper, etc.)
to ask for advice
to set/lay the table beautifully
to present the food nicely

1 to relax ()

66. A. Look at the list of hobbies and pastimes (Ex. 65) and say which of them are:

  1. active/non-active,
  2. outdoor/indoor,
  3. noisy/quiet,
  4. expensive/cheap,
  5. more intellectual/less intellectual.

B. Say how you feel about all these different kinds of activities (Ex. 65), use:

  1. cant stand/hate,
  2. dont mind,
  3. fond of,
  4. really love/like very much,
  5. dont like.