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9 unit.
Exploring the World


Grammar Revision

8. A. Match column A with column and make correct sentences using the simple passive of the verbs in column B.


1) Treasure Island
2) Swan Lake
3) The radio
4) The Eiffel Tower
5) America
6) Sherlock Holmes
7) Golden Autumn
8) Australia


a) Christopher Columbus
b) Robert L. Stevenson
c) Arthur Conan Doyle
d) Peter Tchaikovsky
e) Gustave Eiffel
f) James Cook
g) Alexander Popov
h) Isaac Levitan

B. Work in pairs and ask each other questions as in the example.

Example: Who was Australia explored by?
      It was explored by Captain James Cook.

9. A, Mr Jones is the head of a firm. He has been away on a business trip for two weeks. Now he is back and wants to know what has been done while he was away. Imagine you are Mr Jones and find these things out.

Example: you / post / invitations?
      Have the invitations been posted?

1) you / pay / the bills?
2) you / type / the letters?
3) you / translate / the articles?
4) you / visit / exhibitions?
5) you / repair / the computer?

6) you / copy / the documents?
7) ... ?
8) ... ?
9) ... ?
10) ... ?

B. Work in pairs. Use the questions from part A, Answer them as in the example.

Example: Have the invitations been posted?
      No, they are being posted now.

10. Say what you would do if:

  1. you were

    a) a king
    b) a famous actor
    c) a very rich person
    d) an explorer
    e) Father Christmas;

  2. you had

    a) a talent for painting
    b) a toy factory
    c) a computer
    d) a camera
    e) a big collection of books.

11. In this table of English tenses there are no examples. Look at the sentences below and decide which of them belongs to which square.

  1. A new edition of Longman Grammar has appeared recently.
  2. My Granny has had this tea cosy for ages.
  3. It takes me five minutes to get to school.
  4. Bill will have been travelling for 5 months by this time next week.
  5. We are discussing the contents of the novel tomorrow.
  6. The young princess could not speak. She was under the spell.
  7. lie had been playing football for an hour before the seven oclock meeting.
  8. Ill be working in the garden then.
  9. Ann had left by five oclock.
  10. Jane has been painting since early morning,
  11. Will you join us for dinner?
  12. Summer follows spring.
  13. Emily was speaking to the librarian at that time,
  14. Why have you been crying?
  15. You will have changed your mind by tomorrow.

12. Open the brackets and complete the sentences with the proper verb forms.

  1. Jane, dear, you (1. call) Emily? Yes, I (2. call) her about an hour ago, but I (3. not, speak) to her because she (4. have) a bath. I think I (5. try) again in a few minutes. She (6. have) her bath by this time.
  2. By seven oclock yesterday evening the train (1. not, arrive) yet. The people on the platform (2. feel) cold as a strong wind (3. blow). Suddenly there (4. come) a voice from the loudspeaker which (5. say) that the train (6. arrive) a quarter of an hour later. Mark who (7. stand) on the platform for half an hour already (8. decide) that he (9. go) to the snack bar and (10. drink) a cup of hot coffee.

13. Last Sunday 7A went to Moscow and spent the whole afternoon in the city. On Monday their teacher wanted to know what her pupils were doing or had done. Report her questions.

  1. What places did you visit, Kate?
  2. Did you go to the Tretyakov Gallery, Nina?
  3. What are your impressions of the city centre, Natasha?
  4. Where were you in the afternoon, Sasha?
  5. Did you see any films, Denis?
  6. Why didnt you buy any cinema tickets, Lora?
  7. Did you find the way to the circus easily, Andrew?
  8. Who explained the way to the city centre to you, Nick?
  9. What made the greatest impression on you, Boris?
  10. How long did it take you to have a tour of the Kremlin, Paul?

14. Choose the right word.

  1. Who was the (last/latest) person to leave the classroom?
  2. Have you heard the (last/latest) news?
  3. She is three years (old/older) than he is.
  4. Little Bobbie wants to do everything as his (elder/older) brother does.
  5. Whats your (next/nearest) question?
  6. The (further/farther) problem for discussion is air and water pollution.
  7. Linda and Nina are twins. The (latter/later) is a bit (older/elder) than her sister she was born some minutes earlier.
  8. (The last/Last) week we had fewer visitors.
  9. When does the (last/latest) train leave?
  10. Who lives (next/nearest) door to you?

15. Put in the missing articles a or the where necessary.

  1. ... giraffe is ... animal that lives in Africa and has ... long neck.
  2. It was ... wonderful day: ... sky was blue, ... sun was shining, ... sea looked warm and calm ... world was ... great place to live in.
  3. We have ... new history teacher. ... teacher arrived only last week.
  4. Which of the two dictionaries are you going to buy? I like ... dictionary that has more words.
  5. Where did you pick these lovely flowers? In ... forest.
  6. Can I speak to Olga, please? Sorry, youve got ... wrong number.
  7. Im planning to go to ... college after I leave ... school.
  8. How long can ... human stay and work in ... space?
  9. Whats on ... television tonight? (Whats on ... telly tonight?)
  10. If Robin doesnt get better, hell have to be taken to ... hospital.
  11. Theyve just built ... nice new school near our house.
  12. Dad is at ... work till 6.30. Could you call later, please?
  13. What ... shame we missed ... train! ... next one leaves only at ten.
  14. George likes to have ... swim in the morning before breakfast.
  15. How was ... party? Did you have ... good time?