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7

Unit 8.
Sport in Our Life

       

Speaking

Discussing the Text

48. Say why:

  1. the author compares Mr Hazells property with an ocean and Dannys fathers property with an island;
  2. Dannys father couldnt forget how Victor Hazell had spoken to his boy a year before;
  3. Dannys father got very angry with Victor Hazell;
  4. Victor Hazell gave shooting parties;
  5. hundreds of dukes, lords, barons and baronets came to his parties;
  6. Victor Hazell paid a lot of money to make his parties a success;
  7. Dannys father was sure that getting the pheasants from the forest was a good idea;
  8. Mr Hazells face would be redder than a boiled beetroot.

49. Say how you would get all the pheasants from the forest if you were Dannys father. Discuss your versions in the group and decide whose plan is a) the most interesting, b) the most effective.

50. A. Speak about Victor Hazell as if you were;

  1. Danny,
  2. Dannys father,
  3. a duke or a baron from his shooting party,
  4. Mr Hazell himself.

B. Make up a dialogue about Victor Hazell between

  1. Danny and his father,
  2. two people from the shooting party.

51. Read the definition of the word snob below and say what you think about snobbery. Think of whether you have ever met snobs and what you felt about them.

A snob is

  1. someone who admires the higher social class in society and despises people of a lower social class;
  2. someone who is too proud of having special knowledge in a certain subject and thinks that what other people like is no good.

52. Say what you think about the so-called blood sports shooting and hunting. Would you like to take part in shooting and/or hunting? Why?

Discussing "the"Topic

Lets talk about sport in English. We say sport when we mean this physical activity generally (for example sport is good for keeping fit) and a sport/sports when we mean a particular kind of sport (for example Athletics is an ancient sport).

The Russian word is usually sports in English: a sports car, a sports jacket, sports news.

People who go in for sport are sportsmen and sportswomen or athletes.

If you go in for sport you:

  • train for a competition (match, game)
  • compete in a championship
  • take part in a tournament
  • set/break records
  • score points and goals
  • win or lose (in) the competition
  • win a prize/a cup
  • draw the game

Other people who are important in sport are:

  • a coach
  • an instructor
  • a judge or a referee (in games)

Athletes compete either individually in teams and crews (in sailing and rowing). We can speak about:

  • a national team
  • an Olympic team
  • a school team, etc.

Sports are practised indoors (indoor sports) and outdoors (outdoor sports). Here are some names of special places for practising sport or doing physical exercise:

a gym
a court
a ring
a stadium
an ice rink

a track (a racetrack)
a swimming pool
a football field
sports grounds
school sports grounds

Some of the popular sports are:

boxing
cycling
rowing
swimming
gymnastics
ice-skating
weightlifting
athletics/track and field
high/long jump
downhill skiing

cross-country skiing
aerobics
working out (in the gym)
wrestling
figure skating
races: a running race
            a swimming race
            a horse race
            a motor race

Some of the popular games are:

golf
darts
chess
table tennis (ping-pong)
tennis
draughts
snooker

ice hockey
field hockey
rugby (rugger)
badminton
basketball
volleyball
football (soccer)

These sports and games are less common:

archery
fencing
climbing
mountaineering
riding
surfing and windsurfing
sailing/yachting
diving

water polo f'poobul
water-skiing
baseball
martial arts:
            aikido
            karate
            judo
            taekwondo

53. Look through the list above and say:

  1. the names of those sports you didnt know before;
  2. which of these sports in your view are

    a) the most dangerous;
    b) the least dangerous;
    c) the most exotic;
    d) the most common;
    e) the best for keeping fit;
    f) the most attractive for you and why;

  3. which of the sports can be practised

    a) both indoors and outdoors;
    b) only indoors or outdoors;

  4. which of these sports are more popular in

    a) Russia;
    b) the USA;
    c) Great Britain;

  5. which sports in your view are easy to practise in

    a) Australia;
    b) Switzerland;1
    c) Norway;
    d) Canada, and why;

  6. practising which sports needs special equipment2 or doesnt need any equipment.

1 Switzerland -
2 equipment ,

54. Match these pictures of sports equipment with their names and say what sports they belong to.

a) a yacht
b) a club and a ball
c) a net and a ball
d) a stick and a puck
e) a goal and a ball
f) a racing car
g) a windsurfing board

h) a racket and a shuttlecock
i) skis, ski poles and ski boots
j) swords
k) a bow and arrows
l) darts and a dartboard
m) a cue, a table and balls
n) a barbell

55. A. Look through this text about athletics and say which of these sports are track and field events and which are not.

swimming, horse-riding, discus throwing, boxing, running, water polo, 100-metre race, wrestling, figure skating, gymnastics, long jump, aerobics, skiing, rugby

Athletics

Athletics (BrE) or track and field (AniE) is the general name given to such kinds of sports as running, long jump, high jump and some others. Athletics includes both track events (= running races) and field events (= sports involving jumping, throwing things, etc., which are not races).

Most of track events are named according to distance, for example Shes running in the 400 metres. She is running in a race over a distance of 400 metres. The person who comes first in an event wins a gold medal, the person who comes second wins a silver medal and the person who comes third wins a bronze medal. People usually talk about somebody winning the gold, the silver or the bronze, for example He won the gold in the 100 metres. She won a bronze in the long jump.

Athletes compete with their opponents or rivals.

People who follow the competition are spectators or sports fans. They support their team or shout for it.

. Use this outline to speak about track and field.

  1. athletics what it is;
  2. the way people speak about races and field events in Britain and the US;
  3. track events;
  4. field events;
  5. the usual way to name track events;
  6. winners in athletics;
  7. people supporting athletes.

56. Look at these items of sportswear, name them and say what sports they are suitable for. The words from the box can help you.

knee-length socks
a ski cap and a ski suit
mittens and gloves
a T-shirt and shorts

swimming trunks and a swimsuit
trainers (sneakers AmE)
a sports jacket
a waterproof jacket
a tracksuit

57. Name as many as you can:

  1. summer sports and games
  2. winter sports and games
  3. sports done all the year round
  4. indoor sports and games
  5. outdoor sports and games
  6. items of sports equipment

Ask your parents to help if necessary.

58. A. Say what we call it.

  1. A game in which two teams of five players each try to score goals by throwing a large ball through a net fixed1 to a metal ring at each end of the court. The players bounce the ball while running and pass it to each other.
  2. A game in which two teams hit2 a large ball with their hands, backwards and forwards over a high net. The ball is not allowed to bounce on the ground.
  3. A game played between two teams of eleven players who kick3 a ball around a field trying to score a goal.
  4. A game of two players who each start with sixteen different playing pieces to move on a board. The aim is to move your pieces so that your opponents king will be killed.
  5. A game in which the players use rackets to hit a small feathered object called a shuttlecock over a high net.
  6. A game in which you use long sticks called clubs to hit a small ball into holes that are spread out over a large area of grassy land.

1 to fix
2 to hit
3 to kick

B. Describe one of these games:

1) tennis
2) rugby
3) table tennis
4) ice hockey

5) draughts
6) darts
7) field hockey
8) badminton

1 to fix
2 to hit
3 to kick

59. These are sports recommended for different age groups. Look through the list and say which of them you have ever done, are doing or are planning to do..

Whats the best time to do these sports?

3-year-olds: skiing
4-year-olds: cycling
5-year-olds: swimming
6-year-olds: pony-riding, skateboarding, roller-skating
7-year-olds: tennis, table tennis, badminton
8-year-olds: fencing, diving, ice hockey, football
9-year-olds: judo, archery
10-year-olds: boxing, water-skiing, athletics
11-year-olds: skating, surfing
12-year-olds: rowing
13-year-olds: volleyball, water polo, basketball
14-year-olds: martial arts, American football
15-year-olds: weightlifting
16-year-olds: sailing
17-year-olds: parachuting

60. Work in groups of 35 students. In each group there should be an interviewer trying to get information about sport in your school. Answer the interviewers questions and give your opinions. Let the interviewer put the information together and then speak about what he/she has learnt. The interviewer may want to find out:

  1. what sports the students do in their P.E. lessons; what games they play; which of them are more popular with the students; what sports they would prefer to do in their school and why;
  2. where they practise these sports; what sports equipment the school has got; what new equipment they would like to have;
  3. if the school takes part in any competitions and what results their teams usually show; if these students take part in competitions personally;
  4. why it is important to do sports at school; if the students think that they have enough physical exercise; if they manage to find time for sports and games;
  5. where they can do sports outside school; if they have ever done sports elsewhere; what the result was;
  6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61. Choose a sport or a game and describe it trying to make your story sound as attractive as possible. When youre finished, decide whose story was the best.

62. These are some of the athletes who helped to make history in Russian sport. Find information about one of them and present this information. To make your story more logical write its outline first.

  1. Larisa Latynina (gymnastics)
  2. Lev Yashin (football)
  3. Yuri Vlasov (weightlifting)
  4. Evgeni Plushenko (figure skating)
  5. Alina Kabaeva (rhythmic gymnastics)
  6. Elena Isinbaeva (high jump)
  7. Maria Sharapova (tennis)

63. A. Find out some information about the first modern Olympic Games and complete the chart with information about the Olympic Games of the 21st century.

B. Choose one of the Olympic Games and get ready to speak about them in class. The outline below can help you:

  1. the number and the year of the Games;
  2. the place where they were held;
  3. Olympic sports of these Games;
  4. the number of countries that took part in the Games;
  5. the number of sportsmen and sportswomen who took part in the Games;
  6. the medals that were won;
  7. some of the Russian (Soviet) athletes who took part in the Games, their results;
  8. some of the records set during the Games;
  9. the central event or the central figure of the Games.

64. Speak about the Olympic Games. Choose one of the items and develop it.

  1. The history of the Olympic Games in ancient times.
  2. The history of the modern Games.
  3. Russia in the Olympic Games.
  4. Winter and Summer Olympics.
  5. The latest Olympic Games.
  6. The role of the Olympics in modern life.
  7. Some Olympic champion(s).

65. Find as much information about the Olympic symbols as you can and tell your class what you have found.

SUMMING UP THE TOPIC

Think of it and say:

    if sport is growing in importance in the modern world and in what way;
    if you think that achievements in sports are important and prestigious for our country;
    what can be done to make teens fond of sport in the place where you live;
    if you are a football fan and what football fans should and shouldnt do.

 

 

 

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