4. Choose the right names of British popular sports and games to com plete the sentences. Student’s Book V, Lesson 19 can help you.
1. People in England began to play ... as early as 1550.
2. ... is one of the oldest British sports that existed in Saxon times.
3. ... is the sport that began to develop in Scotland.
4. ... was first played in England in 1872, whose first championship was at Wimbledon.
5. ... is a game invented and developed in England which is nowadays played all over the world.
5. Say which of them are sports and which of them are games.
to play games
to play tennis
to play golf
to play basketball
to go in for sports
to go in for rowing
to go in for skiing
to go in for boxing
to do a lot of/a bit of sport
to do quite a lot of rowing
to do a lot of skiing
to do a bit of boxing
6. Look at the pictures and say what sports the children go in for or do.
7. This is a page from a Traveller’s Guidebook about sports in Moscow. Complete the text with the missing headlines from the box.
Horse racing and Horse-riding
As one of the world’s greatest sporting nations, Russia has a lot to offer sports fans. You can enjoy first-rate football and ice-hockey matches, go skiing and skating or even hunting.
... Russia is mostly a flat country, so downhill skiing is not widespread, but cross-country skiing is very popular. Go to any of the outlying parks in winter. Skis can be bought at most sports shops.
... Risk a few roubles 011 buggy racing at the Hippodrome. And remember that it’s hard to beat the charm of riding through birch forests in springtime or taking a horse-drawn sleigh ride after a fresh snowfall.
... When it’s too cold for football, people turn their attention to ice hockey played to world standard in Russia’s two big eitics. International matches are advertised in the local press. Tickets at stadiums.
... You can skate in the ice lanes of Moscow’s Gorky Park in winter or visit one of many covered rinks. Some places offer skates, but you must bring extra pairs of socks in case your size isn’t available.
... Russians adore the game. Unfortunately you can see acts of European-style hooliganism at stadiums. Tickets are always available for local matches on the day. The season is from March to October.
... This is a boom sport in Russia and the country’s best compete against foreign stars in Moscow’s Kremlin Cup held each autumn. See local press for details.
8. Revise clauses1 of time and condition and match the two parts of the sentences.
* A *
1) If Jane has free time,
2) If Nick buys skates,
3) If Tom wins the match,
4) If Christine joins us,
5) If Rachel starts regular training,
a) we will win the game.
b) she will become a good sportswoman soon.
c) she will go in for swimming.
d) he will become a member of the national team.
e) he will skate a lot during his winter holidays.
* B *
1) When Andrew becomes rich and famous,
2) When Jane arrives,
3) When the children finish their homework,
4) When the classes are over,
5) When I am free,
a) she will be really tired.
b) they will go to the swimming pool.
c) I will go in for sports.
d) he will buy a Mercedes.
e) the students will do a bit of skating.
1 a clause — зд. придаточное предложение
9. Complete the sentences using the ideas from the brackets. The words in the word box can help you.
as soon as, after, before, in case, if, on condition that, till (until)
You’ll be allowed to join the group (при условии, что ты придёшь вовремя).
Do it (прежде, чем она представится).
(В случае, если Филиппа не будет дома), search for him in the garden.
(Как только она придёт), you’ll be under the spell of her fascination.
It will take you half an hour (при условии, что ты поедешь на метро).
I won’t go anywhere (до тех пор, пока он не позвонит).
(В случае, если ты пойдёшь покупать словарь Вебстера), buy the latest edition.
(Как только она увидит новую интересную книгу), she will be totally absorbed, in it.
(После того как придёт библиотекарь), the library will be opened.
(Как только чары разрушатся), the frog will become a prince.
(В случае если она будет дома), let me know.
I won’t say a word (до тех пор, пока эти болтушки не прекратят разговаривать).
Read and compare!
You can’t come in unless you buy a ticket.
You can’t borrow my bike unless you return it by 5.
Nothing will be done unless we get the instructions.
I won’t do the house unless you help me.
Mother won’t let you go out unless you promise to be back early.
You can come if you buy a ticket.
You can borrow my bike if you return it by 5.
Nothing will be done if we don’t get the instructions.
I will do the house if you help me.
Mother will let you go out you promise to be back early.
10. A. Use the definite article with the geographical names
sary Remember the general rule of using articles with them.
1. . . Great Britain
2. . . Baltic Sea
3. . . Atlantic Ocean
4. . . Moskva River
5. . . Lake Ontario
6. . .. Red Square
7. . . USA
8. . .. Urals
9. . . Madrid
10. ... Europe
11. ... France
12. ... Royal Hotel
13. ... Tverskaya Street
14. ... Hyde Park
15. ... Bolshoi Theatre
16. ... Rolan Cinema
17. ... Tretyakov Gallery
18. ... History Museum
В. Use the definite article where necessary to complete the text.
... (1) Moscow was built on ... (2) Moskva River in ... (3) twelfth century. Today it is ... (4) world’s sixth largest city with a population of almost 12 million.
... (5) St Petersburg is ... (6) most northerly place of ... (7) world’s biggest cities and has five million inhabitants. The city is situated on forty-four islands in delta of ... (8) Neva.
As both Hitler and Napoleon discovered, ... (9) winter can be extremely cold with ... (10) temperature dropping as low as a record -42 °C in ... (11) Moscow.
There can be nothing more Russian than the crisp frost1 of ... (12) winter, ice on ... (13) Neva and snow falling upon ... (14) golden cupolas f'kjuipsbz] of ... (15) Moscow’s churches.
Probably ... (16) best time for a winter trip to ... (17) Russia is from ... (18) late November to ... (19) early January before the strong winds of ... (20) February and the slush2 of ... (21) March.
In the warmer season, ... (22) August and ... (23) July can be very hot in both ... (24) Moscow and ... (25) St Petersburg. ... (26) air is fresher around ... (27) May and ... (28) September and if ... (29) weather holds, these are perhaps ... (30) most attractive times in ... (31) year. To catch the legendary St Petersburg White Nights, when ... (32) sun never sets and ... (33) whole city celebrates, plan your trip for ... (34) end of ... (35) June or ... (36) beginning of ... (37) July.
Как только вы приедете в Лондон, покатайтесь на речном трамвайчике (boat) по Темзе.
В случае если ты поедешь в Санкт-Петербург в июне, ты можешь увидеть белые ночи.
При условии если вы пересечёте Уральские горы, вы сможете побывать в Азии.
Прежде чем ты будешь планировать путешествие по Канаде, почитай о её реках, Великих озерах, Ниагарском водопаде и столице страны Оттаве.
После того как вы прилетите в Иркутск, вы сможете увидеть озеро Байкал.
Если ты хочешь взглянуть на Альпы, поезжай в Центральную Европу. Горы расположены в трёх странах: Италии, Франции и Швейцарии.
Когда вы приедете на Британские острова, у вас будет возможность познакомиться с четырьмя странами: Англией, Уэльсом, Шотландией и Ирландией.
12. Say what these people do.
Example: — What does a baker do? — He makes bread.
What does a dressmaker do?
What does a lawmaker do?
What does a shoemaker do?
What does a cook do?
What does a film director do?
What does a clown do?
What does a glove-maker do?
What does a clock-maker do?
Read and compare!
to do (morning) exercises
to do the cooking (the cleaning, the shopping, the ironing, the reading, etc.)
to do one’s teeth (hair)
to do homework
to do housework
to do a subject (Geography, P.E., etc.)
to do one’s best
to do well
to do a translation
to do the sights of a city (a museum, a city)
to do sb a favour
to do sb good (harm, wrong)
to do with something
to make a mistake
to make dinner
to make money
to make a decision
to make a noise
to make progress
to make a fire
to make a bed
to make a fortune
to make a choice
to make an effort
to make friends/enemies
to make a law
to make a list
to make a note
13. Express the same in Russian.
— Who is going to do the washing-up? — I am.
The Americans will do London in the afternoon. They don’t like to do the sights of the city in the evening.
She has made great progress studying English.
How much money do you make a week?
— Have you done Shakespeare yet? — No, we are doing Chaucer at the moment.
Why are the children making such a noise in the corridor?
Can you do me a favour? Go and fetch these dictionaries from the library.
I’m tired. Let’s have a break and make some tea or coffee.
I can do with a sandwich, I’m hungry.
Whose turn is it to make brunch today?
I don’t like the way Betsy does her hair.
We made friends with Tom very quickly.
Who in your household does the housework?
I’ll make a bed for you on the sofa.
— How are you doing? — Very well, thanks.
14. Choose either do or make to complete the sentences.
I like the way you’ve ... your hair.
A long night’s sleep will 260 ... you a lot of good.
From school reports parents can see what progress their children are ...ing at school.
I liked Andrew, and we ... friends very soon after we met.
It took us a whole week to ... the main sights of London,
Teaching is not the easiest way to ... money.
Could you ... me a great favour and ... the shopping today?
I heard nothing because of the noise the children were ...ing.
How many school subjects are you ...ing this year?
Don’t forget to ... your bed before you leave.
It’s my little brother’s first year at school, but he’s ...ing very well.
Dentists advise to ... your teeth at least two times a day.
Do you find it easy to ... decisions?
These are the books I recommend you. ... your choice.
Why are you angry? Have I ... anything wrong?
15. Remember the new language of Unit 7 and do these tasks.
A. Give English equivalents of these:
приняться за работу, отправиться в путешествие, заставить Джона приняться за дело, выставить корзину, в тех же самых окрестностях, умелый (рукастый) мальчик, приветствовать гостей, жители города, покинутая (опустевшая) деревня, книжная ярмарка, искать счастье, предсказать судьбу, быть удачливым, совершить выгодную сделку, кислая улыбка, скрыться из виду, намазать хлеб вареньем, уронить слезу.
B. Work in pairs. Join the words from the word box together to get new ones. Compare your lists and see how many you can get.