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Учебник английского языка
7 класс

7 unit.
Popular Arts


New language

Grammar Section

Continuous (Progressive) Forms of the Passive Voice

16. Choose the right form of the verb to make the sentences complete.


  1. Such long bridges seldom (are built/are being built).
  2. Excuse the mess. The house (is painted/is being painted).
  3. I can’t give you the articles now. They (are translated/are being translated).
  4. Room 47 is not ready yet. It (is cleaned/is being cleaned).
  5. At the moment a new road (is built/is being built) round the city.
  6. Such books (are not translated/are not being translated) easily.
  7. We are expecting guests. Tables (are laid/are being laid).
  8. Your room will be ready soon. The beds (are made/are being made).


  1. John said they couldn’t take photos. The camera (was repaired/was being repaired).
  2. When they arrived home, the walls of the dining room (were painted/were being painted).
  3. We couldn’t get inside. The floors (were washed/were being washed).
  4. Computer games (were not played/were not being played) when I was your age.
  5. Last summer this edition of the novel (was not so Id/was not being sold).
  6. When Mr Brown phoned, the article still (was translated/was being translated).
  7. When I lived in Germany, newspapers (were brought/were being brought) to us early in the morning.
  8. I entered the hotel at 8. Everybody was busy. Rooms (were prepared/were being prepared) for the arriving guests.

Perfect Forms of the Passive Voice

17. Make these sentences passive.

  1. They have published her new book recently.
  2. The town council has just opened our local museum.
  3. Their house looks very smart after they have painted it.
  4. The room looks nice. Somebody has cleaned it.
  5. My dress is clean. Someone has washed it.
  6. Dinner is ready and hot. Someone has just cooked it.
  7. They have opened a new theatre in the city.
  8. There are no letters on the table. Somebody has posted them.

18. John had been away from his home city for ten years. When he came back to Mainfield, he saw many changes. Say what John saw using passive structures.

  1. they had built a new hospital
  2. they had rebuilt the old library
  3. they had turned the city centre into a real shopping area
  4. they had opened a new fire station
  5. they had changed the names of some streets they had closed the city exhibition hall

Passive Voice with the Verbs That Have Two Objects

1 В подобных случаях структуры первого типа Tow was given ..., Boris was sent ..., I was told ..., They were paid ..., He was offered ..., Jim was refused ..., являются более употребительными.

19. Give English equivalents of these word combinations and make up true sentences with them.

Example: I was shown the new edition of William Shakespeare’s sonnets.

  1. мне показали
  2. нам одолжили
  3. им заплатили
  4. ему сказали
  5. мне предложили
  6. вас спросили
  7. ей отказали
  8. им отослали
  9. ей дали
  10. тебе разрешили

20. Match the two parts of the sentences to get logical phrases.

1. Laura was told
2. Peter was shown
3. Jimmy is being paid
4. David has been sent
5. Philip will be asked
6. Emma was being offered

a) and he’ll be rich in a minute.
b) to hospital to see his doctor.
c) the new bike his parents had bought for him.
d) a new job when Dr Black came in.
e) where he will be on Friday.
f) they were leaving tomorrow.

21. Express the same in Russian.

  1. You will be driven to the airport, Mr Gibson.
  2. The other day I was informed of their arrival.
  3. My parents have been paid less than they expected.
  4. I was taught a lot of subjects at school.
  5. Nick was sent to the baker’s to buy a loaf of brown bread.
  6. They will never be shown these films.
  7. Who has been told about the incident?
  8. Tom is being offered an apple.

Verbs with Prepositions in the Passive Voice

22. Complete the table to practise passive structures.


1. .........................
2. They will look after the children.
3. .........................
4. Somebody has looked for my granny’s glasses.
5. .........................
6. .........................
7. .........................


1. The film is much spoken about.
2. .........................
3. The little girl was laughed at.
4. ..........................
5. His speech won’t be listened to.
6. The children will be spoken to tomorrow.
7. The cab was sent for.

Read and compare!

1. The bridge was built by five workers. (They (five workers) built the bridge.)

2. Two kilos of meat that you had bought were eaten by my dog yesterday!

1. The bridge was built with axes, hammers and other instruments. (Somebody built the bridge with the help of these instruments.)

2. Meat is eaten with a fork and a knife.

23. Choose the right preposition with or by to make the sentences correct.

  1. Fish is cut ... a special knife.
  2. What do we usually dig ...?
  3. These novels are written ... A. J. Cronin.
  4. The big tree was cut down ... Jim, an old servant.
  5. In ancient times people wrote on clay tablet ... special styluses.
  6. Women’s dresses are sewed ... dressmakers.
  7. Who is the portrait painted ...?
  8. Do you prefer to paint ... long or short brushes?

24. A. Match the two parts of these sentences to make well-known proverbs and sayings and find their Russian equivalents in the box.

1. Marriages are made
2. Easily earned money
3. The devil is not so black
4. Things done
5. Better untaught

a) cannot be undone.
b) than badly taught.
c) is quickly spent.
d) as he is painted.
e) in heaven.

      I. Браки совершаются на небесах.
      II. Недоученный хуже неучёного.
      III. Не так страшен чёрт, как его малюют.
      IV. После драки кулаками не машут.
      V. Что легко наживается, легко и проживается.

В. Make up a story to illustrate one of the proverbs or sayings.

25. Decide which caption belongs to which cartoon.

1 in case — в случае

26. Express the same in English using passive forms of the verbs.

  1. Мои часы украли вчера.
  2. Когда Павел вошёл в комнату, обсуждали его проект.
  3. Посмотри! Новый кинотеатр построили!
  4. За учителем послали?
  5. Когда с ним поговорят?
  6. Текст нужно будет перевести.
  7. Когда папа приехал, вещи были упакованы.
  8. Слова Эндрю вскоре забылись.
  9. — Где статья? — Её переводят. Её переведут часа через полтора.
  10. Где строят новый магазин?
  11. Все упражнения сделаны. Мы можем идти в кино.
  12. Пассивный залог часто используется в английском языке.
  13. Джона Леннона (John Lennon) знают не только в Англии.
  14. Встреча состоится в центре города.
  15. Этот замок построен в 1830 году.
  16. Мне разрешили пойти в кино.

27. Name three things that during last week:

  1. you were asked to do;
  2. you were allowed to do;
  3. you were told to do.


  1. Last week I was told that Lora had come.
  2. I was allowed to go to Nick’s party,
  3. I was told to take part in school competitions.

28. A. Read and remember.

Articles with the Names of Seasons
spring, summer, autumn, winter

  1. We usually don’t use any article when we speak about a season generally.
    Time passed, and autumn began to change into winter.
    Spring has come.
    Winter is the season between autumn and spring.
  2. But with the preposition in we can say in winter or in the winter, in spring or in the spring, in summer or in the summer, in autumn or in the autumn and in the fall in American English.
    In (the) winter the weather is usually cold.
    In (the) summer the weather is usually hot or warm.
  3. When we speak about some definite season, we use the.
    He left in the spring of 1997.
    She is spending the summer in Europe.

Read and compare!


any adjective + season

It is a frosty winter.
It is a warm autumn.
It is a cold summer.
It is a rainy spring.

zero article

adjectives: early, broad, late, high,
real + season

It is early winter.
It is real autumn.
It is broad (high) summer.
It is late spring.

В. Put in the articles where necessary to complete the sentences.

  1. We get a lot of apples from this tree in autumn.
  2. It was terrible winter.
  3. They are going to spend spring in the country.
  4. I’d like to go to London in coming autumn.
  5. Spring came early that year.
  6. It was most beautiful early autumn I had ever seen.
  7. When we arrived at the country house, it was real autumn.
  8. I love it when it is frosty and snowy winter.
  9. There are four seasons in the year: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
  10. The best time to visit this island is when it is broad summer.

29. A. Read and remember.

1 dawn — рассвет
2 dusk — сумерки, густые сумерки
3 twilight — сумерки, начало сумерек
4 broad day — разгар дня
5 high noon — самый полдень

В. Express the same in English.

  1. Ночь. Утро. Сумерки. Рассвет. Раннее утро. Поздний вечер. Был разгар дня. Наступила ночь. Пришло утро. Наступил рассвет. Полночь.
  2. Было холодное зимнее утро. Стояла тёплая ночь. Был прохладный вечер. Сегодня ветреный вечер. Сегодня тёмная ночь.
  3. Утро будет морозным. День был очень жарким. Утро было прохладным. Полдень был дождливым.

Read and compare!


in the morning
in the evening
in the afternoon
in the daytime
in the night


on a summer morning
on a dark evening
on a sunny af ternoon
on a cold night


at night
at noon
at dawn
at dusk
at twilight

this morning
last night
next day

30. Complete situations 1, 2, 3 with proper articles where necessary, in number 4 speak about yourself.

  1. Jane woke up. It was 12 o’clock. It was (1) ... high afternoon. (2) ... day was bright but rather cold. It was (3) ... unusually cold day for (4) ... summer, as in (5) ... summer the weather is usually hot or warm. “(6) ... autumn is coming nearer,” Jane thought.
  2. “(1) ... winter has come!” thought Susan when she came up to the window. It was (2) ... late autumn, but the ground was covered with white soft snow. “What (3) ... day!” cried Susan’s brother running into the room. “It is (4) ... real winter. I would like to throw snowballs on (5) ... fine day like that. Let’s go.” But Jane had other things to do at (6) ... noon. She wanted to finish the job she had begun (7) ... day before but never finished.
  3. It was (1) ... cold winter morning. Andrew was taking his dog Spot out. He usually did it in (2) ... morning about 8 or 9 o’clock. But that (3) ... morning he got up at (4) ... dawn. It was really (5) ... early morning. Andrew understood he could not sleep on (6) ... morning like that and walked out of the house.
  4. That (1) ... evening at (2) ... dusk I ...

31. Say when you like to do these things.

Example: I like to go for a walk on a warm spring evening (in the evening, on a sunny summer morning, etc.).

  1. to go for a walk in the park
  2. to pick berries and mushrooms
  3. to go skiing
  4. to play outdoor games with friends
  5. to sing songs with friends around a campfire
  6. to read a book in a comfortable armchair
  7. to admire the rising sun
  8. to work in the garden
  9. to lie in the sun
  10. to ride a bicycle

32. Look at the pictures and say what seasons they show, what people usually do in these seasons and what they are doing in the pictures.