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Учебник английского языка
7 класс

7 unit.
Popular Arts



          • KINDS OF ARTS
          • DANCING
          • MUSIC
          • THEATRE
          • CINEMA

1. Here is a list of the arts. Look at it and say which of them you prefer and which of them you understand better than the others.

2. Answer these questions about arts.

  1. Which of the arts from the list above cart you call visual arts...?1
  2. What role do arts play in people’s lives? In your life?
  3. When did art begin? What periods in history are famous for great works of art?
  4. What countries are famous for great literature, visual arts, theatre, cinema?
  5. What places all over the world are connected with particular arts?
  6. What do we usually mean when we speak about prehistoric art, ancient art, Renaissance Ira'neissnsJ art, classical art, modern art?
  7. Where do you go if you want to enjoy the arts? Do you like to go to these places alone? With your parents? With your friends? Why?
  8. Can you do anything in the way of the arts yourself? What can you do? What art would you like to be really good at? Why?
  9. What arts are the most popular nowadays? Do you think some of the arts will eventually die? What makes you think that?
  10. Which of the two is more popular nowadays — theatre or cinema? Which of them do you prefer?
  11. Do you think radio and television are arts?

1 visual arts — виды изобразительного искусства

3. A. Make sure that you cart name these people’s jobs correctly and match the arts with the names of people’s activities.

1) Someone who writes music or plays a musical instrument is ...
2) Someone who acts in plays or films is ...
3) Someone who paints pictures is ...
4) Someone who makes up songs and music is ...
5) Someone who writes plays is ...
6) Someone who plans buildings is ...
7) Someone who makes statues or other shapes from metal, wood, stone, etc. is ...
8) Someone who dances in ballet is ...
9) Someone who writes poems is ...
10) Someone who sings is ...

a) a poet
b) a dramatist or a playwright1
c) a ballet dancer
d) a musician
e) a singer
f) an architect
g) an actor or an actress
h) a composer
i) a sculptor
j) an artist

1 a playwright — драматург

B. Match the names of these people with the fields in which they worked.

1) Francisco Goya
2) Elvis Presley
3) Maya Plisetskaya
4) Friedrich Schiller
5) Sergei Rakhmaninov
6) Pablo Picasso
7) Luciano Pavarotti
8) Michelangelo
9) Vasily Bazhenov
10) Rembrandt

a) theatre
b) architecture
c) music
d) sculpture
e) painting
f) ballet
g) literature

4. The words and word combinations betow help us to speak about certain arts. Organize them according to the arts that they describe. (Certain words can belong to more than one category.)

1. Theatre
2. Cinema

3. Music
4. Sculpture

5. Painting
6. Literature


to draw

to act
work of art
colour film
horror movie
feature film
to compose

to applaud
dress circle
to paint

5. Look at the picture of a theatre halt and match the numbers with the words.

  1. the curtain
  2. a box
  3. the stalls
  4. the stage
  5. the gallery
  6. a balcony
  7. the dress circle
  8. orchestra pit

Passive Voice

6. Look at the text, find and read out the sentences where verbs are used in the passive voice. See Reference Grammar p. 334—335.


Have you ever heard anything about jazz? We are sure you have. Jazz is a type of music and the only art form that was created in the United States. Jazz was created by black Americans. Many blacks were brought from Africa to America as slaves. Different native songs were sung by the black slaves and the music of their homeland was played in America.

Jazz is a mixture of many different kinds of music. It is made up of the music of West Africa, the work songs of the slaves and religious music. The first jazz bands1 were formed at the end of the 19th century. They played in bars and clubs in many towns and cities of the South, especially New Orleans.

Nowadays New Orleans is an international seaport, and people from all over the world come to New Orleans to hear jazz. Improvisation is an important part of jazz. This means that jazz music is made up or created on the spot.2 This is why a jazz song can sound a little different each time it is played.

With time jazz became more and more popular. By the 1920s,3 jazz was popular all over the United States. By the 1940s,4 you could not only hear jazz in clubs and bars, but in concert halls too. Today jazz is played all over the world. On every continent special festivals are held where jazz musicians from the United States, Asia, Africa, South America and Europe meet and share their music. In this way jazz continues to grow and change. Let’s hope that no matter what happens in music jazz will always be performed and listened to.

1 a band — группа (музыкальная)
2 on the spot — спонтанно, без предварительной подготовки
3 1920s = nineteen-twenties — двадцатые годы XX столетия
4 1940s — nineteen-forties — сороковые годы XX столетия

7. Choose the best way to continue the situation.

  1. My sister is a writer.

    a) A nice children’s book was written by her.
    b) She wrote a nice children’s book.

  2. Many people in Russia eat potatoes.

    a) Someone brought them to Russia from South America.
    b) They were brought to Russia from South America.

  3. Christopher Columbus discovered America.

    a) He discovered it in 1492.
    b) It was discovered in 1492.

  4. The Browns live in a huge castle.

    a) People built it in the 16th century.
    b) It was built in the 16th century.

  5. How many people learn English nowadays!

    a) It is spoken all over the world.
    b) People speak it all over the world.

Modal Verbs + Passive Voice

Passive forms are often used with modal verbs
(can, must, should, have to, ought to)

Modal Verb -S- be + V3

Difficult rules must be explained.
Can such poems be easily memorized?
People in hospitals ought to be visited.
These words don’t have to be learnt by heart.
Should this door be pulled or pushed to open it?

8. Express the same using passive.


  1. We must discuss the contents of the novel.
  2. The actors ought to impress the audience.
  3. You should stop these chatterboxes.
  4. We must introduce the members of the team to each other.
  5. You can’t devour such books.
  6. People have to transport these boxes.
  7. They must translate the speech when the time comes.


  1. English borrowed a lot of words.
  2. The postman brings them a lot of periodicals.
  3. Mr William’s secretary will send this telex tomorrow.
  4. They didn’t find the origin of the adjective “big”.
  5. People easily memorize such idioms.
  6. Somebody bought a bronze candlestick and three candles.
  7. People push the door to open it.

9. Use the prepositions and adverbs where necessary and complete the sentences to remember the new vocabulary of Unit 6.


  1. Jimmy ran ... of the room without saying a word.
  2. There is too much water in the bath. It is running ... .
  3. I opened the door and my little puppy ran ... .
  4. It’s raining! Let’s run ... the house.
  5. The thief ran ... with the money.
  6. The poor boy has been nearly run ... by the bus.
  7. Why are you running ... my words?
  8. Don’t run ... I want to talk to you.


  1. Some old magazines are ... the floor. Can’t you pick them ,..?
  2. Lora is fond ... devouring ... books. When she reads she is totally absorbed ... what she is reading.
  3. Whenever she comes to visit my Granny, she always tries to make a good impression ... her.
  4. Let me introduce Mr Brian ... all of you.
  5. I am tired ... some reason.
  6. She popped a sweet ... her mouth and smiled happily ... us.
  7. Irene was sitting near the window with tiny Kitty ... her lap.
  8. The box contained ... seven pounds ... rice.
  9. How long had the Sleeping Beauty been ... the spell before the Prince woke her up?

10. Express the same in English.


  1. с вытаращенными глазами;
  2. удивительный рассказчик;
  3. очарование;
  4. забавное приключение;
  5. уютный дом;
  6. содержание книги;
  7. короткая речь;
  8. впечатляющий пейзаж;
  9. справиться с работой;
  10. последнее издание;
  11. наблюдательный мальчик;
  12. подвижный подросток;
  13. на коленях;
  14. дай мне знать;
  15. вместо учителя;
  16. произвести впечатление на друзей;
  17. глотать книги;
  18. восхитительный библиотекарь;
  19. быть поглощённым романом;
  20. опасное приключение;
  21. серьёзное содержание;
  22. крошечная болтушка;
  23. с этого самого времени;
  24. не спешить;
  25. разрушить чары;
  26. редкое издание книги.


  1. Я не могу справиться с этой книгой сама. У неё сложное содержание.
  2. Речь директора произвела большое впечатление на учеников.
  3. «Позвольте представиться, я Матильда», — сказала крошечная девчушка библиотекарю.
  4. Давай поищем какой-нибудь роман на этих полках. Дай мне знать, если найдёшь что-нибудь интересное.
  5. Сколько времени тебе требуется, чтобы добраться до театра?
  6. Моя кошка любит сидеть у меня на коленях.
  7. Боб был озадачен, когда понял, что его пластиковая сумка должна была стать контейнером для воды.
  8. Болтушки, вы разговариваете уясе целый час!
  9. По какой-то причине он не смог присоединиться к нашей группе.
  10. Алиса ворвалась в класс с громким криком «Ура!».