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7

Unit 6.
The Pleasure of Reading

       

Social English

Vocabulary Section

32. Very often in a certain situation people expect us to say some particular thing. It is important to know how to react to peoples words. Check yourselves and match the phrases in these columns, 29.

1. Hows your father keeping?
2. How do you do?
3. Thank you very much.
4. What a nice blouse!
5. Im awfully sorry, Ive broken a cup.
6. Thank you for a wonderful meal.
7. Have a nice weekend.
8. Goodbye, give my love to your son.
9. How nice to see you again.
10. Hallo. John here. Can I speak to Rob, please?
11. How about a nice cup of tea before you go?
12. You must have some more chicken.
13. Meet my sister Jane.
14. Happy Easter!
15. Ive just passed my exam.

a) Thank you. Do you really like it?
b) No, thank you. Ive had a lot.
c) Thanks, you too.
d) Its nice to see you too,
e) Oh, that doesnt matter.
f) Thank you, I will. Goodbye.
g) Hes fine. Thank you.
h) Hold the line, please.
i) Youre welcome.
j) Pleased to meet you.
k) Thanks. The same to you.
l) How do you do?
m) Congratulations!
n) Yes, Id love one.
o) Im glad you enjoyed it.

33. Choose the suitable reply and check yourselves with the help of the recording, 30.

  1. How do you do?

    a) Im fine, thanks.
    b) Not at all.
    c) How do you do?

  2. Meet my friend Alec.

    a) Glad to meet you.
    b) You look wonderful.
    c) Thank you.

  3. Have a nice holiday.

    a) You are welcome.
    b) Thank you.
    c) Yes, Id love to.

  4. Hows your mum?

    a) Shes fine, thank you.
    b) Thanks, you too.
    c) And how are you?

  5. Ive won in a lottery!

    a) My best wishes.
    b) Congratulations!
    c) Take my warmest greetings.

  6. Goodbye and thanks for everything.

    a) Nice to hear that.
    b) Oh! That doesnt matter.
    c) Youre welcome.

  7. Im sorry, Im late.

    a) Youre right.
    b) That doesnt matter.
    c) The same to you.

  8. Can I speak to Kate, please?

    a) No problem.
    b) Do you really want to speak to her?
    c) Hold on, please.


34. Complete the sentences using the missing prepositions.

  1. The old gentleman was run ... by the car.
  2. Your time has run .... Hand in your papers.
  3. The girls mother called her from the garden, and the child ran ....
  4. Give me a pencil, please. I have run ... of them.
  5. Mother asks me to go shopping as we have run ... of vegetables.
  6. Cross the street carefully. There is always a danger to be run ....
  7. Dont run .... I want to talk to you.
  8. Theres no need to run ... my plans and ideas all the time.
  9. I opened the door, and the cat ran ....
  10. The sink is running ....

NEW WORDS TO LIARM

35. A. Read and guess what the words in bold type mean.

There are four people in our household ['haushauld]. Washing the plates is one of my household duties.

Whats on the telly today? Its bad for your eyes to watch the telly too much.

Charles Dickens was one of the best storytellers in the history of literature. My friend Michael is a very good storyteller.

Someone who is watchful is careful to notice everything that is happening. The child spent his days under the watchful eyes of several old women.

They transport [trsen'spo:t] fresh vegetables to Moscow and other big cities. They transported the bricks in a boat.

Someone who works in a library is a librarian.

Her speech is very good though she is very young. John is good at public speaking. Lets ask him to make a speech at the conference.

Notice the difference in spelling: speak but speech.

B. Look the words up to make sure that you have guessed right.

36. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.

to pop (popped) (v):

  1. to pop to some place, to pop one's head into the room. Little John popped a sweet into his mouth.
  2. about eyes: His eyes popped when he saw a brown bear riding on a bike.

pop-eyed (adj): pop-eyed children, pop-eyed tourists. We listened to the story pop-eyed and couldnt believe our ears.

to spoil (spoiled/spoilt) (v): to spoil sth, to spoil a child, to spoil easily. I spoiled the soup by putting too much salt in it. This fish has spoilt. It would be a pity to spoil the surprise,

to manage (v): to manage to do sth (often something that is difficult), to manage sth (a job, a book, a translation). Did you manage to talk to him before he left? I couldnt manage the lock and rang the doorbell. I am so full that I cant manage another sandwich.

cosy (adj): a cosy house, a cosy room; to be/feel cosy. The room was wonderfully warm and cosy. She felt warm and cosy in the armchair near the fire,

a cosy (n): a soft cover which you put over sth to keep it warm. A tea cosy. An egg cosy.

to devour (v): to devour food, to devour a book, to devour a magazine. He devoured a plateful of cakes. When I was a boy, I devoured Russian fairy tales.

a search (n): a long search, a dangerous search; a search for knowledge, a search for the lost child, in search of sth. After a long search she found the key. They spent a lot of time in search of a cheap hotel.

to search (v): to search (for) sth. I searched for this book in all the shops but never found it.

to pick (v):

  1. to pick sb, to pick the best, to pick a book. Bob couldnt interpret what Michelle was talking about. Next time lets pick somebody who speaks French better. What books have you picked in the library?
  2. to pick flowers, to pick fruit, to pick mushrooms. Do you like to pick flowers in the field?
  3. to pick up = to lift up. Could you pick up the newspaper for me?

fascination (n): in fascination, with fascination. He watched the play with great fascination. This kind of literature has some strange fascination for me.

fascinating (adj): fascinating music, a fascinating idea.

an adventure (n): a dangerous adventure, a strange adventure. Will he ever be able to forget his jungle adventure?

an edition (n): a new edition of the book, an old edition of the novel. Im trying to find a particular edition of Romeo and Juliet.

to contain (v): to contain food, to contain information, to contain paper, etc. This book contains all the information you need. This little box contains only old letters.

a container (n): a small container. Boxes and bottles are containers.

a chatterbox (n): My sister Lizzy is a real chatterbox: she talks from morning till night. Could you, two chatterboxes, keep silent for a moment?

tiny (adj): a tiny baby, a tiny room, a tiny shoe, etc. The seven dwarfs lived in a tiny house on the shore of a forest lake. When we found Tommy, he was only a tiny hungry kitten.

a spell (n): to say a spell, to whisper a spell, to put a spell on sb, to break a spell, to be under the spell. A spell is magic words. The spell of the wicked witch was broken.

contents (n): (usually plural) the contents of the book, the contents of the letter, the contents of the bag. The contents of English books are always at the beginning. Why were the contents of her letter so sad? The contents of this fairy tale are very unusual.

to impress (v): to impress people, to impress greatly. Dianas singing impressed Bob so much that he asked her to sing on the radio.

an impression (n): my first impression, the impressions of London. What was your first impression of Australia?

to make an impression on sb: Frank made a good impression on Marys parents.

impressive (adj): an impressive palace, an impressive view,

to introduce (v): to introduce sb to sb, to introduce oneself, to be introduced to sb. I want to introduce you to my parents. I dont think weve been introduced. Our teacher usually introduces new words in class.

37. Answer the questions to practise the new words.

  1. When can people be pop-eyed?
  2. Is it a compliment to be called a chatterbox?
  3. Can you name the usual containers for milk, lemonade, jam, sugar, cream and flour?
  4. What word is missing here: ... small regular in size big huge?
  5. What is the title of Mark Twains book about Tom Sawyer?
  6. What usually makes a room cosy?
  7. Have you ever spoiled a dish? How did it happen?
  8. Who are the members of your household?
  9. Who do the police usually search for?
  10. Why do you have to keep a watchful eye on the milk when you boil it?
  11. What do we call young boys and girls who are under twenty?
  12. Who is the best storyteller in your class?
  13. What happened to Cinderella when the magic spell was broken?
  14. How are goods transported from Europe to America?
  15. When do people pick fruit and vegetables in the place where you live?
  16. Which is better: to devour books or to read them slowly and carefully? Does it depend on the book?

38. Name 35 things that can be:

  1. tiny;
  2. cosy;
  3. fascinating;
  4. impressive;
  5. amazing.

Read and compare!

to introduce oneself

1. Let me introduce myself.
2. John introduced himself and began to speak about his life.
3. Caroline couldnt wait. She introduced herself at once as she entered the room.

to introduce sb to sb

1. I introduced Bob to Jim.
2. Nobody in the village knew Patrick, and John introduced him to his neigh bours.
3. Nicola came from Paris yesterday, said Caroline. Let me introduce her to you.

39. Choose the right pronoun to complete the sentences.

  1. Bob introduced ... new friend to ... mother.
  2. I dont know Polly. Can you introduce ... to ... ?
  3. Im not sure we have met before. Let me introduce ....
  4. I forget you know John. When were you introduced to ... ?
  5. Last year I introduced John to Mary and now ... are married.
  6. Bob, introduce ... ! I cried. They know nothing about ... !
  7. Well, young lady, will you introduce ... to your parents? I havent met them before.
  8. Dont introduce , wait till somebody does it for ....

40. Change the underlined part of the sentences. Use your new vocabulary.

  1. Old Tom is always careful and notices everything that is happening.
  2. Gulliver couldnt believe his eyes when he saw very little people around him.
  3. Little Robin couldnt cope with the huge plateful of soup.
  4. My granny used to tell me fairy tales and was very good at it.
  5. He looked around trying to find a place to sit.
  6. Do all your family watch television before going to bed?
  7. I looked at the strange box and couldnt guess what it held.
  8. These two little girls talk so much.
  9. The princess was turned into a frog with the help of magic words.
  10. I dont know what the book is about.
  11. Tell me what things you found most interesting in London.
  12. This book was published seven times.
  13. She is fond of reading and reads a lot and very fast.
  14. Lora had never cooked thats why her first meal was ruined.
  15. He was in such a hurry that he ran into the room to say goodbye.

Read and compare!

to impress sb

1. Dianas singing made a great impression on him.
2. He made a good impression and the manager gave him a good job.
3. Margarets poems made a poor impression on the audience.

to make an impression on sb

1. Dianas singing impressed him very much.
2. He impressed the manager and got a good job.
3. Margarets poems did not impress the audience.

41. Express the same in English.

Example: Dollys painting impressed Bob.
      Dollys painting made a great impression on Bob.

  1. Janes words didnt impress Mary.
  2. Charless photos made a deep impression on me.
  3. Natashas poems were really interesting. They produced a good impression on the audience.
  4. What impressed you most about his acting?

42. Express the same in English.

  1. , !
  2. (learned) .
  3. , .
  4. ?
  5. , .
  6. ( ).
  7. .
  8. , , .
  9. , .
  10. - . .
  11. .
  12. , , , .
  13. ! , .
  14. ?
  15. , , .

Read and compare!

()

1. .
2. ? .
3. ?

contents (they)

1. The contents of the film were interesting.
2. Do you know the contents of this story? They are very unusual.
3. What are the contents of this play?

43. Choose the right form of the verb.

  1. On what page ... (is/are) the contents of the book?
  2. Your clothes ... (is/are) wet again.
  3. The police ... (is/are) near.
  4. What ... (is/are) the news?
  5. Where ... (is/are) the contents in Russian books?
  6. Your advice ... (is/are) always useful.

44. Make up sentences with the help of this table.

45. A. Make up sentences as in the example.

Example: It takes Andrew at least, two hours to do his homework.

1. Polly/to draw the picture
2. Roger/to feed the chickens
3. Agnes/to make a dress for her doll
4. Maria/to paint the walls of her bedroom

5. Vera/to cook dinner
6. Alice/to do the shopping
7. Victor/to swim 200 metres
8. Diana/to do the translation
9. Fiona/to clean the window
10. Rob/to study the map

B. Ask your classmates how long certain activities took them. Example: How long did it take you to read the text?

C. Ask your classmates how long they think certain activities will take them.

Example: How long do you think it will take you to prepare for the match?

46. Look at the pictures and say what these people would like to do instead of doing what they have to.

Example: James would like to read a book instead of working in the garden.

47. A. Make sure that you know these words. Listen to the text Aladdin and the Magic Lamp, 31.

Morocco ( )
certain , -
jewels
lastly

. Answer these questions.

  1. Where did Aladdin and his mother live?
  2. Where did their relative come from?
  3. What presents did he bring to Aladdins household?
  4. What did Aladdins uncle ask the boy to do?
  5. The journey was going to be long, wasnt it? Do you think it was a boring journey? Why?
  6. Where did they stop?
  7. How did the hole appear in front of them?
  8. What did the uncle ask Aladdin to search for in the garden?

C. Explain why:

  1. Aladdins relative had to introduce himself;
  2. Aladdin and his mother looked at their relative in fascination;
  3. Aladdin was taken aback when his uncle asked him to go to the mountains;
  4. the uncle was telling the boy many interesting things during their journey;
  5. the uncle asked the boy to keep a watchful eye on all the trees in the garden;
  6. the uncle asked Aladdin not to push or rub the lamp.

D. Remember the end of the story. Tell it to your friends. If you have never heard it, ask your friends to tell you the end.

 

 

 

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