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Unit 6.
The Pleasure of Reading



          • KINDS OF BOOKS
          • LIBRARIES
          • HISTORY OF BOOKS
          • READERS OF BOOKS

1. Answer these questions to find out what reading habits you and your classmates have got.

  1. How much time do you spend on reading?
  2. What kind of reading do you prefer: do you like reading books? newspapers? magazines? What kind of books, newspapers and magazines?
  3. When and where do you usually read?
  4. Do you read books only for your Russian Literature classes or do you do any extra reading?
  5. Have you got any favourite books, favourite authors I'oiGaz] or favourite characters?
  6. How old were you when you began reading? Do you remember what book was the first that you read? What book did you especially like when you were a young child? Did your parents or grandparents read to you when you were very young? Have you heard of the tradition of reading aloud in the family circle? What do you think of it? Have you ever read books to your younger brother or sister? Do you like doing it? Why?
  7. Do you collect books? How many books have you got at home? Are they mostly your books or your parents books? Where do you keep them?
  8. How do grown-up books differ from childrens books? Do you read grown-up books? Do your parents or teachers help you to choose books that you read?
  9. Do you use any libraries? What libraries? What are they like? Do you find them helpful? In what way?
  10. What does reading do for you? Is it an important part of your life? In what way can reading be useful to people?

    2. These are extracts from very famous books. Match them with the covers of the books. Say if youve read them.

* 1 *

The prince began to take off his fine clothes, and Tom took off his old clothes and put on the clothes of the prince. Tom looked at the prince as he stood there dressed in Toms clothes. He had seen someone very like him before. Where had he seen him? Come and look at us in the glass! cried the prince. They were just like each other.

* 2 *

I had slept for many hours. When I awoke., it was just daylight. I tried to get up from the ground, but I could not move! My arms and feet were held down to the ground with strings.1 I heard some noise around me, but I could see nothing. In a little time I felt something alive moving on my foot, then it came over my body and up to my face. Turning my eyes down as much as I could, I saw a man. He was less than 15 centimetres high.

* 3 *

Alice and her big sister were sitting on the grass. Her sister was reading a book, but Alice had nothing to read ... She was too sleepy ... Just then, a white rabbit ran by, very near to her. That does not happen every day, but Alice did not wonder about it. But she did wonder when the rabbit took a watch out of its pocket and looked at it.

* 4 *

At seven oclock on a hot evening in the Seeonee hills, Father Wolf woke up. There was a little animal at the mouth of the cave.2 It was Tabaqui, the jackal. The wolves of India dont like Tabaqui. He makes trouble, Father Wolf could see from Tabaquis eyes that he wanted to make trouble now. Shere Khan, the Big One, has changed his hunting grounds, Tabaqui said.

* 5 *

There were 150 places at the table. Each knight3 had his name written in his place. There were one hundred and twenty-eight knights at the table. As time went on other brave and good knights came, and King Arthur gave them places. One place was not filled for a long time. That place was for a knight who had never done any bad thing to anyone. It was called the Seat Perilous: if a bad man sat in it, he would die. After many years Sir Galahad came and was given that place.

1 a string
2 a cave
3 a knight

3. Certain words and word combinations help us to tell a story. List A has words that show you how events follow each other. List has words that show you how facts are connected with each other. Look through both lists and remember the words. List




however, anyhow
on the contrary
thats why

--- ,

1 narration
2 connectors , , . . ,

4. A. Look at the pictures showing the beginning and the end of the day of Pauline Bailey. Describe her day using List A.

. Fill in the gaps with the words of List to complete the story.

The story of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table has been popular in Europe for more than a thousand years.

Once the knights of England decided to choose a new king. They knew how to choose their king ... (1) previously they had found a huge stone with a sword which said, The man who can pull the sword out of the stone will be king. ... (2) all the knights tried to pull the sword out of the stone, ... (3) it seemed none of them could do it. ... (4) England eventually got a king: Arthur was a young boy at the time, but ... (5) he pulled the sword from the stone. ... (6) Arthur became king.

5. A. Look at the pictures and tell the story.

. Try to guess what the people in the pictures are saying.

6. Study the table.

1 a descriptive attribute

7. Say what their jobs are.

Example: Vickie makes photos. She is a photographer.

  1. George teaches children at school.
  2. Nataly performs on the stage.
  3. Walter writes articles to newspapers.
  4. Andrew drives a taxi.
  5. Simon drives a bus.
  6. Robert plays football professionally.
  7. Bob flies planes.
  8. Paul plays tennis professionally.
  9. Emily can cure you if you are ill.
  10. Betsy paints pictures.

8. Give equivalents to the indefinite articles in these sentences: one, some, any, certain, every.

  1. A tiger has paws, a sheep has hooves.
  2. Fiona bought a candlestick yesterday.
  3. There was a knock at the door.
  4. It happened in a small village in the South of France.
  5. Have you got a map of Europe?
  6. When I was walking home, I met a boy who was carrying a basket with a small puppy in it.
  7. Even a child knows where the sun rises, and you dont.
  8. I must send an e-mail.
  9. Wheres John? He has gone to the theatre to listen to an opera.
  10. A detective helps to find criminals.

9. Use the indefinite article where necessary.

  1. I have ... brother. I have no ... sisters. My brother is ... student. He is ... first-year student. He is ... very good student. Yesterday he got ... excellent mark for his paper and ... good marks for his two tests. My brother doesnt live in ... flat, he lives in ... small cottage.
  2. Yesterday I bought ... book. This book is ... dictionary. Its ... Russian-English dictionary. It is ... dark green book, rather thick. There is ... special page where all the symbols are explained. It is ... page 8.
  3. I have ... very good job. It is not ... difficult job, but very interesting. I work in ... library. Our library is situated in ... tall building. It is ... ten-storeyed building. There is ... reading hall in the library. It is on ... floor 5.

10. In these sentences there are no articles. Add a/an or the to make them correct.

  1. This is house. It is house made of wood.
  2. This is house that Jack built.
  3. Your blouse is in washing machine. It will be ready for tomorrows party.
  4. What lovely dress! Are you going to wear it?
  5. In good library there are always lots of childrens books.
  6. Story was so exciting that children could hardly believe their ears.
  7. Book looks very unusual. I havent seen book like this before. Im not surprised. Its very old and expensive book.
  8. I know man who lives in house.

11. Miss A. has only one student. Miss B. has three students. Miss A. and Miss B. are very much alike, they teli their students the same things. The only difference will be in how they do it. What are Miss B.s words?

  1. Take a pen and write down the new words.
  2. Draw a black cat with a bushy tail.
  3. You need a brush and some black paint to do this.
  4. You must be hungry, have a sandwich.
  5. I was very touched 164 when you gave me a flower on my birthday.
  6. Please bring a chair from the room next door.
  7. I want you to choose a good book and read it during your holidays.
  8. Dont forget to write a greetings card to your grandparents and post it well before the event.

12. Put these nouns into the right category: countables or uncountables. Write the countable nouns in the plural.

mystery, knock, bread, hoof, murmur, information, mosquito, weather, carrot, candle, milk, toast (), housework, mother tongue, practice, idiom, tomato, vocabulary, play, advice, money, butter, coin, hair (), paper (), potato,

Countables: ...........                         Uncountables: .............

Tenses and Forms That Are Used to Describe the Future

1 to predict

13. Complete the sentences with the right verbs.

  1. Next year he (will be/is) five.
  2. Tomorrow it (will be/is) warm with a few showers.
  3. Who do you think (will win/wins)?
  4. It (doesnt rain/wont rain) next week.
  5. Clothes (are/will be) very different in the year 2030.
  6. If you (come/will come) there first, keep a seat for me.
  7. When you (find/will find) some material related to the topic, let me know.
  8. When it (will get/gets) dark, we (will light/light) the candles.
  9. He (will be/is) anxious if you (will come/come) late.
  10. There is a doorbell. I (will go/go) and open the door.

14. Andrew has just passed his English examination. Nina is taking the same exam tomorrow. She is asking Andrew for advice. Complete the dialogue using suitable future forms. (In some cases more than one form is possible.)

Nina: I ___(1. take) this exam tomorrow and Im awfully nervous.

Andrew: Dont be nervous, you ____(2. be) fine. You _____ (3. please) the examiners with your English, Im sure.

Nina: You are kidding, arent you? They _______ (4. ask) me many questions?

Andrew: No, I dont think so: just two or three.

Nina: Oh! And I _________(5. have to read) a text and then translate it?

Andrew: Yes, thats one of the things everybody does.

Nina: And I _________ (6. write) anything?

Andrew: I think they ___________ (7. tell) you to write some questions on the text.

Nina: I see. I hope I __________ (8. have) enough time to write the questions.

Andrew: Dont worry, they ___________ (9. give) you at least half an hour to get ready.

Nina: I ____________ (10. look) through my grammar books this afternoon and ____________ (11. practise) reading aloud.

Andrew: I hope you _________ (12. not, stay) up late. You shoxdd rest well before the exam.

Nina: I _________ (13. try) to. Thanks for your time, Andy. See you.

Andrew: See you and the best of luck.

Nina: Thanks.

15. A. Irene is going to Lauras birthday party at 5 p.m. on Saturday. Find out:

  1. time / she / to get up
  2. dress / she / to wear
  3. the way / she / to travel to Lauras
  4. things / she / to take to the party
  5. time / she / to come back

1 to cut the sermon short
2 greens (, )

B. Find out what Irene plans to do at 10 a.m., 11 a.m., 3 p.m., 4 p.m., 5 p.m.

C. Work in pairs. Imagine that your friend is going to somebodys birthday party. Ask him/her questions about his/her plans. Let your friend answer them.

16. All these captions1 describe future actions. Explain the choice of grammar forms. Match the captions with the pictures.

1 a caption

17. A. In these situations you offer people your help. What will you say?

Example: Its hot and stuffy in the. room.
            You say: Shall I open the window?

  1. Its got too dark in the room.
  2. Your mother is very tired after work and your family are hungry.
  3. Your dads car is very dirty and he is too busy to wash it.
  4. Your little brother cant read and wants to know the end of the story that Granny began reading to him the day before.
  5. Its hot and the plants in the garden are dying.
  6. Your teacher is carrying a lot of books and cant open the door of the teachers room.
  7. Theres no bread in the house.
  8. There are a lot of dirty plates left after dinner.

B. fn these situations you ask for advice or instruction. What will you say?

Example: You dont know what to buy for tea.
            You say: Shall I buy a cake or some biscuits?

  1. Youre driving a car but you dont know the way. Theres a turn to the left and a turn to the right.
  2. You are in the library and you want advice as to what book to choose.
  3. You are not sure what to give your friend as a birthday present.
  4. You want your mothers advice about laying the table.
  5. Youd like to know what programme on television your family are going to watch.
  6. Youre on the bus. Youre not sure where to get off.
  7. You need your grandmothers advice: youre not sure if its the right time to pick strawberries in the garden.
  8. You are talking to your friend about the best way to finish your story.