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Учебник английского языка
7 класс

3 unit.
Me and My World


New Words то Learn

33. A. Read and guess what the words in bold type mean.

The child opened his eyes and said sleepily “Good morning”.

Let’s put our best tablecloth on the table today: it’s mother’s birthday. The new plates looked nice when we put them on the white tablecloth.

A plateful of food is the food that is on a plate and fills it. There was a plateful of sandwiches on the table.

This novel was turned into a TV serial.

B. Look the words up and make sure that you have guessed right.

34. Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations and sentences to show how to use them.

a candle (n): a tall candle, a beautiful candle, to blow out a candle. When do you use candles? Try to blow out all the candles on your birthday cake. The game is not worth the candle.

a candlestick (n): unusual candlesticks. On the table there were three candles in tall candlesticks.

light (n, uncount.): daylight, sunlight, moonlight, candlelight, in the light of. The sun gives us heat and light. I could see very little in the light of my candles.

a light/lights: a burning light, the lights of the city, to turn on/off the light. She went into her daughter's room and turned on the light. There was a bright light in the middle of the ceiling.

light (adj): 1. (not heavy) She wore only a light dress and sandals. Stone is heavy, but paper is light.

      2. (not dark) Wake up! It’s light already. What a nice and light classroom! Do you prefer light colours for your summer clothes?

to light (lit, lit/lighted, lighted) (v): Let’s light a candle and put it in the middle of the table. Suddenly all the lights on the New Year tree lit up.

cheerful (adj): a cheerful smile, a cheerful look, a cheerful place, cheerful colours. ‘Cheerful’ means happy and joyful.

cheerfully (adv): to say sth cheerfully, to laugh cheerfully. She smiled cheerfully at everybody. He greeted us cheerfully.

to pull (v): to pull hard, to pull the door, to pull out a tooth, to pull sb’s hair, to pull sth out of the river. The horse was pulling the heavy sledge along the road. The little boy pulled the toy train along behind her.

to push (v): to push a button, to push the door, to push the doorbell, to push one’s way through. I pushed the button that locked the door. The children were pushing each other into the water. I pushed my way through the crowd of people.

to struggle (v): to struggle with sb, to struggle for independence, to struggle to do sth. I’m afraid I’m not ready yet, I’m still struggling with the last sentence. Are the people on the screen struggling for the revolver?

a struggle (n): in the struggle, the struggle for life. What do you know about the struggle of Russian people during the Second World War? Reading is a struggle for some children.

to wind (wound, wound) (v): to wind a toy, to wind a clock/a watch. The river winds through the town. Does the road wind through the wood? It was cold so she wound a scarf round her neck. Don’t forget to wind the alarm clock before you go to bed. To unwind.

winding (adj): a winding river. It was fun to walk together along the winding path among the trees.

to share (v): to share sth with sb. Do you share your bedroom with your sister? Share this bag of sweets with your friends.

to regret (regretted) (v): ‘To regret’ means to feel sorry. Does John regret that he was rude to Jane?

regretful (adj): a regretful look, a regretful smile, to be regretful about sth. I’m very regretful about what happened.

regretfully (adv): He looked at me regretfully and shook his head.

to bounce (v): to bounce a ball, to bounce from one thing to another. The ball bounced to my right and I couldn’t catch it. He bounced the ball before throwing it into the basket. He bounced from one film to another trying to see all he could.

bouncy (adj): A person or animal that is bouncy has lots of energy and is very lively and enthusiastic. The puppies looked healthy and bouncy.

to knock (v): to knock on/at a door or a window. In the middle of the night somebody knocked on the window.

a bowl (n): a big bowl, a salad bowl, a cereal bowl, a bowl of fruit. I need a big bowl to mix the salad. His breakfast consisted of a bowl of cornflakes and a cheese sandwich.

close (adj): 1. a close friend, a close relative, to be close by, to be close to sth. She did not have many close friends. The church is close to the shop. The shop was quite close by so it didn’t take us long to get there.

      2. Why don’t you keep this dictionary close at hand? You may find it helpful.

to repair (v): to repair a house, to repair a car, to repair a radio. Can you repair my watch?

firm (adj): a firm bed, a firm decision, firm views. I don’t think that chair is firm enough to stand on. Do you prefer to sleep on a firm bed or on a soft one? Is it your firm decision to leave tonight? Their views on politics are firm.

firmly (adv): Could you close the door firmly? Hold me firmly by the hand.

35. Match the words with their definitions.

1. to light
2. to knock
3. to pull
4. to push
5. to struggle
6. to wind
7. to bounce

a) to move something strongly towards yourself
b) to go round
c) to make a noise by striking something
d) to move something strongly away from yourself
e) to jump like a ball
f) to fight
g) to make something start to burn or shine

36. Name 3—5 things that can be: close, firm, light (2 meanings), bouncy, regretful, cheerful, sleepy.

37. Add as many nouns as you can to each line:

1. to repair a washing machine, ...
3. to pull a toy train, ...
5. to struggle with a thief, ...
7. to wind through the field, ...

2. to push a sledge, ...
4. to share a flat, ...
6. to wind a toy car, ...
8. to light a fire, ...

38. Complete these sentences with the missing words where necessary.

  1. On his desert island Robinson Crusoe had to struggle ... his life.
  2. The wind blew ... the candle, and we found ourselves in the dark.
  3. Sam smiled ... us so cheerfully, that we all smiled back.
  4. Just push ... the door and it will open.
  5. Americans had to struggle ... their independence ... Britain.
  6. This river winds ... the forest.
  7. Hold me firmly ... the hand: you can get lost in the crowd.
  8. Can you hear a noise? I think someone is knocking ... the window.
  9. Is there a bank close ... your house?
  10. I’m so hungry I could eat a whole bowl ... porridge.

39. Express the same in English.

белая скатерть, тянуть за собой санки, взглянуть на кого-то с сожалением, свеча в красивом высоком подсвечнике, жёсткая постель, полные энергии ребятишки, миска супа, зажечь евечи, твёрдые взгляды, яркий свет, вести мяч (в баскетболе), нажать на кнопку дверного звонка, выключить свет, весёлые расцветки, метаться от одного к другому, таскать кого-то за волосы, мучиться с заданием, извилистая тропка, бороться за свободу, завести будильник

40. Choose the right word: home or house.

  1. Do you live in a ... or a flat?
  2. Is he ... yet?
  3. He went into the ... and closed the door.
  4. A young lady came out of the ... and walked along the street,
  5. Nelly is on her way ... .
  6. (At) what time do you leave the ... in the morning?
  7. I got ... at 5.30 and started to cook at once.
  8. We returned ... rather late that night.

41. - Express the same in English.

  1. Они живут в огромном доме в конце этой улицы.
  2. Когда ты обычно приходишь домой?
  3. «Кто-нибудь есть дома?» — спросила девочка, когда она вошла в дом.
  4. По обеим сторонам улицы тянулись (to be lined with) необычные дома.
  5. Пора идти домой. Уже поздно.
  6. Это их дом?

42. Say which of the two word combinations or both you would use in these sentences.

  1. I’m tired, I’m going to bed. I think I’ll ... at once.
  2. I said to myself, “... ! ... ! ... !” but I couldn’t.
  3. I usually ... at ten o’clock.

43. A. If a plateful means «полная тарелка», what can these words mean?

B. Choose the right word from the box above to complete the sentences.

  1. — How much sugar do you want? — Two ..., please.
  2. One ... of soup is just enough for me, thanks.
  3. “Look, what I have,” said the child and showed me a ... of beautiful stones.
  4. You need two ... of flour to make this cake.
  5. “Take a ... of this mixture three times a day,” said the doctor.

44. A. Read the word combinations and translate them into Russian. Say what structural difference you see between English and Russian phrases. Say what other verbs in English are used in the same structures (see Student’s Book V, Reference Grammar, § 16).

B. Express the same in English.

чувствовать (себя) плохо, звучать громко, пахнуть сладко, выглядеть печально, звучать серьёзно, быть горьким на вкус, выглядеть забавно, звучать весело

C. Make up your own sentences with these combinations.

45. A. Make sure that you know these words. Listen to the text “The Story Bag”, 14.

    poisonous — ядовитый
    delicious — вкусный
    couple — пара (в т. ч. муж и жена)
    sword — меч
    spiteful — злой, злобный

B. Answer the questions.

  1. What did the hoy like to do in his childhood?
  2. What did the devoted servant discover while listening to a strange murmuring sound coming from the bag?
  3. What did the voices from the story bag speak about?
  4. How did the servant save his master?
  5. What can happen to stories when they are put away?

C. Explain why:

  1. the voices from the story bag discussed the boy’s behaviour;
  2. the old servant didn’t stop the horse and didn’t go to pick red berries for the young man;
  3. the old servant took a sword and walked into the room in front of his master;
  4. stories should be shared.

D. Tell the story to your friends.