What three things do you think are the most important about you?
How big is your family? Are you good friends? What do you like doing together? Have you got any family traditions? What are they?
How many friends have you got? Have you got any really close2 friends? Are they your classmates? Do you share3 any interests? Do you spend much time together? Where do you go and what do you do?
What are the three things that you enjoy doing most of all and the three things that you hate doing?
1 a stranger — незнакомец
2 close — близкий
3 to share — разделять, делить
2. A. Turn the notes into questions and interview one of your classmates.
what / your / full name?
where / you / born?
when / you / born?
where / you / live?
how long / you / live there?
you / have / brothers / sisters?
they / younger / older?
what / you / do / free time?
you / be / other towns / countries?
you / have / holidays / in summer?
how long / you / study English?
you / speak / other languages?
what / you / enjoy doing in English?
what / you / want to do after you leave school?
what / be / your dream?
B. Tell the class what you have found out about each other.
3. Look at the phrases in the boxes and make up short dialogues to discuss: a) weather, b) clothes, c) food, d) sports, e) films, f) TV programmes, g) books, h) school subjects.
A: Do you like sunny hot weather?
B: No, I don't. I hate it when it’s hot outdoors.
A: Why don’t you like it? Most people enjoy such weather.
B: Not me. I can’t stand it when my T-shirt gets wet, when it’s hard to breathe. Yesterday I couldn’t even bring an ice cream home from the shop. It melted on the way.
How do you like it (when) ...?
How do you want your ...?
What do you prefer ,..?
Do you really like it ...?
Is this OK (all right) ...?
What do you feel about ... (doing something)?
I like it a lot (very much) ...
I like it when ...
I like it how ...
I love it ...
I prefer ... to ...
I would like ...
I enjoy ... (doing something)
(I’m afraid) I don’t like it
I don’t like it a bit
I don’t like it a bit all
I hate it
I can’t stand it
I feel/don’t feel
like ... (doing something)
4. There are so many things to do. Say which of the activities you a) enjoy, b) hate and explain why.
1. working on the computer
2. doing the sights of a city
3. playing musical instruments
4. roller skating/skateboarding
5. going out with friends
6. going to the museums
12. keeping pets
13. reading books
14. camping out in a tent
15. practising sports
16. doing crosswords
17. taking photographs
18. going to a disco
19. watching videos
20. writing poems, etc.
5. Say which of the activities in Ex. 4 are:
a) more popular/less popular
b) more exciting/less exciting
c) more expensive/less expensive
d) more suitable for young people/for older people
e) the most interesting/the least interesting
6. Look at the table to remember how to form and use perfect tenses. Give examples of your own to illustrate each formula. See Reference Grammar, p. 328-331.
7. Open the brackets to make the sentences complete.
A. Past indefinite or present perfect?
Nancy (travel) a lot. She (be) to many countries. Last year she (visit) Greece.
Hello, Pat! I’m glad to see you in Oxford again. How long you (be) here? When you (arrive)?
When you first (meet) your teacher? How old you (be) then? How many years you (know) him already?
You ever (taste) any tropical fruit? Where you (eat) it? You (like) it?
— Helen (write) the letter yet? — No, she .... She (begin) doing it only ten minutes ago.
She says she always (want) to come to Australia. Now she is happy, she (be) here since Thursday.
Kate (not, type) all the letters. She (type) three of them yesterday. But she (not, do) anything today.
B. Present perfect or past perfect?
a) I phoned Mr Williams to find out if Pat (go) away. He was not sure, b) Wait, I’ll go and see if she (go) out.
a) Look at this house. I (live) here for 12 years and I am moving to another one next week, b) I (live) in a small cottage for 12 years before my family moved to town.
a) Jack (play) tennis three times this week, b) He said he (not, play) tennis a week before.
Alan (see) a lot of Alexandra recently.
I often (wonder) how he earns his living.
She told me she (work) in England before.
When I arrived at the country house, I realized I (lose) the keys.
8. Join the beginnings and ends to get the sentences that make sense:
1. After William had read four detective stories,
2. When Bill had learnt the last idiom,
3. When Charlie had finished painting,
4. After John had practised driving the car,
5. After he had written out all the unknown words,
a) he felt he could take no more.
b) he decided to give his picture to the school museum.
c) he understood he would never pass the driving test.
d) he started to learn them.
e) he thought he could solve any mystery himself.
9. Make one sentence instead of two using when or after.
Joe did all the shopping. Then he went to the cafe for a cup of coffee.
Max looked through the three dictionaries he had. Then he found the word he was looking for.
Ron wrote three letters. Then he posted them.
Jane told her granny about everything. Then she felt much happier.
Bill finished learning the sonnet by heart. Then he watched television for an hour or so.
Edward bought Christmas presents for everyone in his family. Then he bought a camera for himself as well.
10. Express the same in English.
Мой новый друг спросил, откуда я родом.
Мы не знали, где родилась наша бабушка.
Что ты выяснил о его семье? Когда они переехали в наш город?
Где ты был всё это время?
Джейн спросила своего младшего брата, где он был.
Когда мы жили за городом, мы с удовольствием (to enjoy) удили рыбу.
Я не знала, что Ник любит спать на открытом воздухе.
— Где Питер? — Он ушёл погулять с собакой.
К тому моменту, когда мама вернулась, мы уже выучили все новые слова.
Он сказал, что не справится с этим заданием.
11. Look through the dialogue. Change it into the reported speech and then read it aloud.
Tolya: We had a grammar class yesterday. We discussed the use of articles in English.
Vera: No wonder. They are the shortest and yet the most difficult words in English.
Tolya: I don’t think all English people understand how they should use articles.
Vera: Neither do I. In many cases they are a complete mystery. Do you think one can realize the difference between the articles? Is it possible to learn how to use them?
Tolya: I am not quite sure. Our teacher says it is. We should simply have more grammar drills.
Vera: Will they really help? And then they are so boring!
Tolya: Don’t lose hope. Let’s hope for the best.
12. Remember the new language of Unit 2 and do these tasks.
A. Find the words and word combinations which mean almost the same as:
a native language,
to go out of the room,
to run away,
to start work,
B. Ask for more information.
He memorized it.
They disappointed him.
She practised it.
C. Think of the correct way to express the same in Russian.
to live in complete isolation, the foundations of the town, the boy was helpful, reading is helpful, a grammar drill, to be out of practice, practice makes perfect, to be related to the problem, a man of average height [hart], to realize one’s dream
13. Look at the pairs of words. In each pair there is a word you know. Read the sentences below and guess what the other word in each pair means.