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”чебник дл€ 6 класса

јнглийский €зык

       

Unit 20. Geographical Outlook

* * * * * Let Us Review * * * * *

1. Look at the pictures and say what is happening at the moment.


2. Complete the sentences using the right form of the verb.

  1. DonТt talk to him now, he (thinks, is thinking) of something.
  2. I (think, am thinking) you are right: the weather will change very soon.
  3. He says he (likes, is liking) my new picture.
  4. Ч Where are the children? Ч They (plant, are planting) trees in the garden.
  5. We all (remember, are remembering) that March 8 is a very special day.
  6. She knows that her elder brother (travels, is travelling) in South America now.
  7. Look, the rain (begins, is beginning). Let us run for it.
  8. Now we (want, are wanting) to make a big party and invite all our friends.

3. Say what these people were doing at the definite time in the past.

Example: Yesterday at 3 oТclock my mother (to cook). Ч Yesterday at 3 oТclock my mother was cooking.

  1. Yesterday evening at 8 my brother (to do) his lessons.
  2. When I came home from school, Kate (to play) with her toys.
  3. While I was reading David (to watch) TV.
  4. Before the lesson our teacher (to look) through our exercise books.
  5. While the children were sleeping their parents (to decorate) the New Year tree.
  6. When the bell rang the pupils (to write) down their homework.

4. Remember and say:

  1. what your family were doing yesterday after supper (at about 8 oТclock);
  2. what your friends were doing when you came to school in the morning;
  3. what your parents and grandparents were doing when you came home from school.

* * * * * Let us Read and Learn * * * * *

Focus_______________________________________

The Future Continuous Tense

will/shall + be + Ving


ll be lying on the beach at this time tomorrow.
My aunt Mary will be flying over the Atlantic Ocean at 12 oТclock on Wednesday.
What time will you be leaving tomorrow?
IТm sure they wonТt be playing football in an hour.

5. Open the brackets, use the verbs in the future continuous tense and complete the sentences.

  1. When you come to my place, I (to do) my homework.
  2. Very soon we (to travel) in the USA.
  3. You (to write) your story for the school newspaper after classes?
  4. Who (to wait) for the children at the bus stop?
  5. My friend (not to play) football tomorrow morning: he will be busy.
  6. Mike will be out at 8 oТclock: he (to walk) his dog.
  7. Mary (to play) the piano after supper?
  8. I know where Father will be at 6 oТclock Ч he (to drive) home from work.

6. Look at the pictures and say what John will/wonТt be doing in two months when he is on holiday.

Example: When on holiday John will be playing tennis.
            When on holiday John wonТt be doing his room.


7. Express the same in English.

  1. ¬ воскресенье € буду готовить праздничный обед.
  2. ¬ечером мы не будем смотреть телевизор, мы будем читать новую книгу.
  3. ¬ семь часов мы будем встречать маму на вокзале.
  4.  огда вы придете, они не будут обедать, они будут ждать вас.
  5. «автра утром мы будем сажать цветы около школы.
  6. ”ченики 6-го класса не будут писать диктант на следующем уроке английского €зыка, они будут читать новые тексты.
  7. ѕриходите на встречу с этим писателем, он будет рассказывать о своих книгах.
  8. „то вы будете делать завтра после обеда?
  9. ќни будут танцевать после концерта?
  10. ¬ следующем году мой старший брат будет учить французский €зык.

Focus_______________________________________

at 6 oТclock yesterday

1. I was watching the match on television.
2. Were you working when I phoned you?
3. Nick wasnТt typing his article.

at 6 oТclock tomorrow

1. I will be watching the match on TV.

2. Will you be working when I come?

3. Nick wonТt be typing his article.

8. Choose the right item.

  1. Tom (wasnТt/wonТt be) using his bicycle this evening. You may take it.
  2. Be quick! In five minutes granny (was/will be) telling us my favourite tale.
  3. Ann looked so beautiful. She (was/will be) wearing a new blue dress.
  4. What (will you be/were you) doing after the film? Can you take the dog for a walk?
  5. She says probably she (was/will be) having a sea voyage in May next year.
  6. (Will you be/Were you) reading when Nick phoned?

Focus_______________________________________

Phrasal Verb to give

  1. to give back Ч отдавать назад, возвращать
    ItТs my school bag. Give it back.
    I have read all these books and I want to give them back.
  2. to give out Ч раздавать
    Could you, please, give these exercise books out?
    Now IТd like to give you out some books.
  3. to give away Ч отдавать, дарить
    She has given away all her best books.
    I donТt want to keep this money, I prefer to give it away.
  4. to give up Ч
    а) отказатьс€, бросить, перестать заниматьс€ чем-то
    b) отказатьс€ от мысли решить какую-то проблему (признать, что ты еЄ решить не можешь)

DonТt give up hope.
She decided not to give up music, though it wasnТt easy to find time for it.

Guess what it means: I donТt know, I give up. What is it?
to give up the idea of doing something.
At last we gave up the idea of travelling in such bad weather.
Why did you give up the idea of learning French?

9. Complete the sentences using the right word: back, out, away, up.

  1. Ч Where is your collection of badges? Ч Oh, IТve given it ... . IТm not interested in badges anymore.
  2. My friend Liza said she would never give ... singing. And I think she is right.
  3. I want to ask Mike to give me my bicycle ...: IТd like to ride it after school.
  4. Who can help me to give this food ... ?
  5. Please donТt give ... the idea of joining our basketball team. You are one of the best players IТve ever met.
  6. She always gives ... old newspapers and magazines after she has read them.
  7. Have you given the books ... to the library yet?
  8. My father gave ... skiing after he broke his leg.

10. Express the same in English.

  1. ћне можно раздать все эти тарелки и чашки? ѕомогите мне, пожалуйста.
  2. Ќикогда не расставайс€ с надеждой.
  3. Ч ”гадай, какой из двух городов Ч столица јвстралии: —идней или  анберра (Sydney or Canberra)? Ч Ќе знаю. я сдаюсь. —кажи мне.
  4. «ачем ты отдала этот журнал? я ещЄ не читала его.
  5. я перестала заниматьс€ танцами (dancing), когда мне было дес€ть лет.
  6. я не могу отказатьс€ от мысли съездить в Ћондон, чтобы увидеть этот город собственными глазами.
  7.  ат€ вернула книгу рассказов, теперь ты можешь вз€ть еЄ.
  8. ѕопробуй ещЄ раз, не сдавайс€. “ы можешь это сделать.

11. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.

  1. Ч Can you give me another name for a УcarФ? Ч Of course I can. A car is the same as an automobile.
  2. In this climate we need greenhouses to grow tropical plants.
  3. There are many beautiful places on the territory of this country.
  4. Agriculture plays the leading role in the economy of this country.
  5. The orange, lemon and grapefruit are citrus fruits.
  6. ice Ч icy: lcy winds blew from the north and brought winter with them.
  7. general Ч generally: Ч Do you go to school by bus? Ч No, I generally walk.
  8. natural Ч naturally: I knew about the present they had prepared, so, naturally. I wasnТt surprised.
  9. near Ч nearly: Do you know how old he is now? He is nearly 15 years old!

b) Look these words up and make sure you have guessed right.

12. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.

a hemisphere (n): the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere, the Eastern Hemisphere, the Western Hemisphere. A hemisphere is one half of the earth. Russia is situated in the Northern Hemisphere.

wheat (n): a field of wheat, golden wheat. This bread is made from wheat. Wheat is used to make flour and other food.

a peach (n): a peach tree, a peach flower, peach jam, peach colour. IТve bought some wonderful peaches for dinner. Peaches are my favourite fruit. Yesterday Mary was wearing her new peach dress.

an apricot (n): an apricot tree, apricot juice. Apricots look like small peaches. Apricots grow in the south of this country. Have you ever seen apricot trees in bloom? They look fantastic!

a pear (n): a pear tree, a plate full of pears, a green pear, a sweet pear, half a pear. Pears are my favourite fruit. Would you like some pears for dessert?

a berry (n): berry Ч berries; to pick up berries, a lot of berries, wild berries. Did you know that a tomato is a berry? There are very few berries in the forest this year: itТs too dry.

a swamp (n): a cold swamp, a swamp in the forest, a dangerous swamp. Long ago the whole country was forest and swamp. These berries grow in the swamp. A swamp is land which is full of or covered with water.

swampy (adj): a swampy place.

sand (n): yellow sand, warm sand, a sandcastle. The little children played in the sand.

sandy (adj): a long sandy beach, sandy hair. The sandy beaches in the South of England are quite famous.

vast (adj): a vast territory, a vast plain, a vast country. Something that is vast is very large. What is this vast country called? The vast plains stretch for hundreds of miles.

humid (adj): a humid day, a humid climate, humid air, humid weather. Ч WhatТs the weather like today? Ч ItТs hot and humid. The air is so humid here. Are summers in Moscow very humid?

lonely (adj): a lonely girl, a lonely tree, a lonely house in the country. If you are lonely you feel unhappy because you are alone or without friends. You can feel lonely even among friends.

except (prep): Everyone except John was tired. I know nothing about him except that he lives next door.

only (adj): the only people, the only person, the only problem. Is she the only person chosen for the job?

to occupy (v): to occupy a town, to occupy the country. The family occupied a little house on the beach. Is the seat occupied? Is the seat free?

to inhabit (v): to inhabit a country. Many birds inhabit the forest,

inhabited/uninhabited: an uninhabited house, an uninhabited place, an inhabited island, an uninhabited castle, an uninhabited desert. How long has this house been uninhabited?

least (little Ч less Ч least) (adv): the least known continent, the least inhabited area. It happened just when we least expected it.

least of all: No one listened, least of all the children.

13. Work in pairs. Ask your friend which of these he/she likes better. Let him/her answer. DonТt forget to change over.

Example: apples / pears Ч Which do you like better Ч apples or pears? Ч Pears, I think. They are my favourites.

peaches / apricots;
wild berries / garden berries;
juice / mineral water;
crowded beaches / lonely beaches;
sandy beaches / rocky beaches;
most difficult exercises / least difficult exercises;
dry weather / humid weather

most

most populated
most important
most developed
most discussed
most mentioned

least

least populated
least important
least developed
least discussed
least mentioned

14. Make up true sentences with the word combinations above.

15. Match the words with their definitions.

a swamp
an apricot
to inhabit
vast
a hemisphere
a berry
humid
a pear
wheat

very large
a fruit that looks like a bell
a plant from which flour is made
a small soft fruit
to populate
land filled or covered with water
a round soft orange or yellow fruit like a peach but smaller
with a lot of water (about air and weather) one half of the earth

16. Answer the questions using the words from ex. 12.

  1. In what half of the earth is Australia situated?
  2. What fruit can be grown in warm climate?
  3. What is the climate like in South America near the Amazon River?
  4. Where do cranberries1 usually grow?
  5. What fields in August look golden?
  6. What do you call a tree standing alone in the middle of the field?
  7. What is the name of the pinky-orange colour?
  8. What do little children often build on the sea beach?

1 cranberry Ч клюква

Focus_______________________________________

un-

known Ч unknown
educated Ч uneducated
populated Ч unpopulated
cooked Ч uncooked
covered Ч uncovered
declared Ч undeclared
spoken Ч unspoken comfortable Ч uncomfortable

in-

hospitable Ч inhospitable
complete Ч incomplete
dependent Ч independent
formal Ч informal1
definite Ч indefinite
expressive Ч inexpressive

1 formal Ч официальный, служебный, вечерний (об одежде); informal Ч повседневный, дружеский, неофициальный

17. In the table above find the words which go together with these.

Example: ... dress/party Ч a formal/an informal dress/party

... address/city/writer/territory
... article/time/place
... child/student/population
... dinner/lunch/supper
... war/battle/decision

... story/sentence/fable/ fairy tale
... artist/poet/architect
... house/castle/palace
... country/man/government/ Press
... chair/shoes/coat/room

18. Listen to the dialogue, 03 70, read it and then act it out.

What Do We Know About Australia?

Alex: Have you had a nice evening?

Boris: Yes, IТve been watching a documentary film on TV.

Alex: Really? What was it about?

Boris: About the largest island in the world.

Alex: The largest island? Do you mean Australia?

Boris: I do. Though IТm sure that Australia is the biggest island I know that many people think itТs a continent.

Alex: Yes. ThatТs what I think: itТs the smallest continent on the earth.

Boris: And it is an independent country too.

Alex: I know that. What is its capital? Sydney?

Boris: No. ItТs Canberra, but Sydney is the largest city in the country.

Alex: Is English the official language?

Boris: Yes, it is, though it is a bit different from the language they speak in the USA and Britain.

 

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