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Let Us Read and Learn


Phrasal Verb to take

  1. to take after - ,

    Everybody says that I take after my father, but my little brother Paul takes after our mother.

  2. to take away , (), ()

    If you are not going to eat the cake, take it away.
    Could you take the children away: I dont think they should see this film.

  3. to take off ) , ; b) ( , )

    Take your coat and hat off, its quite warm in here.
    Lets take the curtains off and wash them.
    When is the time for the aeroplane to take off?

  4. to take back ,

    Dont forget to take the books back to the library.
    We made the girl take the dog back to its master.

  5. to take down ) ; b) ( )

    I hate this picture on the wall up there and I want to take it down.
    Would you like to take my telephone number down?

7. Complete the sentences using the missing words.

  1. He came home, took ... his shoes and changed his clothes.
  2. Can I ask you to take this bicycle ... to Peter?
  3. I was surprised to see how much the boy took ... his father.
  4. Weve got to take ... all the portraits in the classroom and dust them.
  5. I dont need the magazines anymore, you can take them ... .
  6. Look, the plane is going to take ... .
  7. What are all these books doing here? Why dont you take them ... to the bookcase?
  8. There are a few words that I want you to take ... .
  9. The king ordered them to take the boy ... and punish him.

8. Express the same in English.

  1. ? .
  2. , .
  3. , .
  4. , .
  5. , , .
  6. . .
  7. , .




enough money
enough time
enough water
enough books


warm enough
good enough
well enough
to earn enough

9. Express the same in a different way.

Example: He has a lot of money. He can buy a car. ↠
            He has enough money to buy a car.

  1. I like a lot of sugar in my tea. Theres very little sugar in this cup of tea.
  2. He had to do three exercises, but as it was time to go to bed he did only two.
  3. The gardener wanted to plant five trees. He had only three trees.
  4. You eat very little. You should eat more.
  5. This house is very big and all the family have their own rooms.
  6. The boy is not very strong. He cant carry this box, its too heavy.
  7. She knows English rather well and can translate this difficult article.

10. Complete the sentences, make them true.

  1. Yesterday I didnt have enough time ... .
  2. My room is not big enough to ... .
  3. We didnt have enough chairs when ... .
  4. Im old enough to ... .
  5. I have enough money to ... .
  6. Last Sunday I was lazy enough to ... .
  7. In this classroom we have/dont have enough ... .

11. Express the same in English.

; ; ; ; ; ; ; .

12. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.

  1. Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. I am very glad youve all come here!
  2. He is an honest man. I admire his honesty.
  3. In the USA a militia is like an army but its members are not professional soldiers.
  4. My granny always tells me stories before I go to bed. She is a good storyteller.
  5. He got his education in Oxford. He is a very educated man.
  6. A major is an officer of middle rank in the army.
  7. A faraway place is one that is far from you. If you live in Russia, America is a faraway country.
  8. When people learn to ride a horse, they spend much time on horseback.
  9. Will you have a chance to visit London?

b) Look these words up to make sure you have guessed right.

13. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.

private (adj): a private room, a private shower, a private garden, a private interview, a private discussion, private thoughts, private plans. Something that is private is for one person only or for a small group of people. I have always wanted to have a private room,

to shoot, shot, shot (v): to shoot well, to shoot badly, to shoot at something. The men were ready to shoot. He shot at the bird but missed,

to shoot an arrow:1 I shot an arrow into the air.

to measure (d): to measure land, to measure length and width, to measure the room. To measure means to find the size, length and width of things and people. You can measure the length of the box with a ruler. The dressmaker measured lady Ascott.

a measure (v): The metre is a measure of length,

to trust (v): to trust a person, to trust ones words, to trust ones advice. Everybody liked and trusted him. She didnt trust anybody to look after her child. Do you really trust his advice?

to respect (v): to respect people, to respect ones feelings, to respect ones courage, to respect traditions. If you respect someone you think well of him and his ideas. Do you respect such people, such politicians?

respect (n): I had a real respect and admiration for him, she said. Why do you never show any respect for the lady?

wisdom (n): to show a lot of wisdom, a man of wisdom, to speak with wisdom. At least she had the wisdom to keep silent,

an event (n): an important event, a possible event, political and cultural events. An event is something that happens. You cant control the events, can you?

shy (adj): a shy girl, a shy smile, a shy look. Ive always been a bit shy in the company of people. I dont know why she was so shy at the party and didnt speak to anyone.

to retire (v): to retire from the company, to retire from farming, to retire at the age of 60. When someone retires he stops doing his job. When did your granddad retire?

a crowd (n): a big/large crowd, a silent crowd. The court case attracted large crowds. Did she say there are always crowds of holidaymakers on these beaches?

to push (v): to push a door, to push a person, to push a car. John pushed the door to open it. Why did little Sam have to push his bicycle?

poverty (n): to live in poverty, to suffer from poverty. There are thousands of people who live in poverty. Did she say she had suffered much from poverty?

a stepmother (v): A stepmother is the woman who has married your father after your mother died. Did Cinderellas stepmother look after the girl?

a stepfather, a stepchild, a stepdaughter, a stepson, a stepbrother, a stepsister

to encourage (l>): to encourage pupils, to encourage the group, to encourage sick children. If you encourage someone you tell him that what he is doing is good and ask him to continue doing it. Does Miss Brown always encourage her pupils to work hard?

to borrow (v): to borrow a book from the library, to borrow ones car, to borrow ones bicycle, to borrow words from other languages.

  1. To borrow means to ask for something that belongs to another person and promise that you will give it back. Could I borrow your car for tomorrow?
  2. to borrow words, to borrow ideas. English has borrowed a lot of words from other languages.

1 an arrow

14. a) Nick has 7 friends. Say why he respects them.


      Bob / to look after his little cousins Nick respects Bob because he looks after his little cousins.
      Kitty and Jack / to be friendly and kind Nick respects
      Kitty and Jack because they are always friendly and kind.

  1. Philip / to be brave
  2. Sue / to do everything herself
  3. Ann and Polly / to read a lot and to know much
  4. Andy and Alan / to be honest
  5. Peter / to help birds and animals

b) Do you have friends you respect? Say why you respect them.

15. Say:

  1. what people usually borrow;
  2. how teachers and parents encourage small children;
  3. what can be private;
  4. why your holiday often depends on hotel and bus (train) service;
  5. where you can usually see crowds of people in summer and in other seasons;
  6. when people usually retire from work;
  7. what were the most important political events in our country last year;
  8. how people can show their wisdom;
  9. which characters of your favourite books spent their childhood in poverty;
  10. what people usually do to open a door.

16. Say a few words about the chances you had to do something you wanted to do but didnt use them. Explain why.

Example: Last week I had a chance to see Hamlet, but didnt (use it) as I had no time (was busy, didnt have the money, couldnt buy the tickets, etc.).

17. Look at the words and say which of these can be shy, cant be shy, are hardly ever shy.

Example: Generals are hardly ever shy.


a look
a book
a chance


a smile

18. Mr Browns wife died last year. He has a son called Don and a daughter called Alice. In January Mr Brown married Mary. She also has a son John and a daughter called Sara. What is their relationship?

Example: John and Sara are Mr Browns stepchildren.

  1. Mr Brown ... Johns ...
  2. Sara ... Mr Browns ...
  3. Don ... Marys ... .
  4. Mary ... Alices ... .
  5. Mr Brown ... Saras ...
  6. Alice ... Marys ... .

18. Listen to the poem The Arrow and the Song, 64, and read it. Then learn it by heart.

The Arrow And The Song

(by H. W. Longfellow)

        I shot an arrow into the air,
        It fell to earth, I knew not where;
        For so swiftly1 it flew, the sight2 Could not follow it in its flight.
        I breathed a song into the air,
        It fell to earth, I knew not where;
        For who has sight so keen3 and strong,
        That it can follow the flight of a song?
        Long, long afterward,4 in an oak5 I found the arrow still unbroke;
        And the song from beginning to end,
        I found again in the heart of a friend.

1 swiftly
2 sight ,
3 keen
4 afterward ,
5 oak