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Unit 18. American Presidents

* * * * * Let Us Review * * * * *

1. Remember at least five things about the US political system. Compare them with what the other students have remembered.

Example: The US Congress makes up laws.

2. Complete the sentences using the words and word combinations from the box.

no matter, all in all, election, leap year, decision, Press, religions, representative, trunk, judge (2), amendments, support, citizen

  1. Thirty days has September, April, June and November, all the rest have thirty-one. February has twenty-eight alone, but for the ... . Thats the time when February has twenty-nine.
  2. I want all the ... I can get, I really need help.
  3. He has been a British ... for all his life.
  4. There are 12 girls and 14 boys in our class: twenty-six pupils ... .
  5. Whats your ... ? I havent decided anything yet, Im afraid.
  6. Are there any ... to this law?
  7. ... how much time it is going to take we still have to do this job.
  8. They say that the Queen is a good ... of horses.
  9. The court consists of a number of ... .
  10. What has a ... , though it is not a tree?
  11. America is often described as a melting pot and people of different ... live there side by side.
  12. The head teacher couldnt be present himself, but he sent his ... to the meeting.
  13. Its difficult to imagine modern life without the ... : newspapers, magazines and journals.
  14. At a general ... , the people of Britain vote to choose which party will form the government.

3. The year 1980 was a leap year. Say which of these years were also leap years.

1970, 1976, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996.

4. Open the brackets and use the correct form.

  1. My friend was sure that Ferdinand Magellan (discovered, had discovered) Australia. But I told him he {is, was) wrong.
  2. Our history teacher explained to us that the Revolutionary War in America (took, had taken) place in the 18th century.
  3. Betty knew that she (did, had done) everything she could to win the competition.
  4. We asked Professor Smith when he (came, had come) to Moscow how many places of interest he already (saw, had seen).
  5. Little John believed that Canada (is, was) in the South of the American Continent.
  6. We all wanted to know where in New York the Statue of Liberty (is, was) situated.
  7. The children asked what cities in the USA we (saw, had seen).
  8. Father told me that I (made, had made) a mistake in my school test.
  9. We all knew that Germany (declared, had declared) war on several European countries in 1941.
  10. He said he always (supported, had supported) me.
  11. Not all the pupils knew that the US President (is, was) the Commander in Chief of the countrys armed forces.


Past Simple

  1. I met him yesterday.
  2. Mr White came up to the cottage, opened the door and looked into the room.
  3. We used to travel a lot when we were young.

Past Continuous

  1. I was meeting him at 3 oclock yesterday.
  2. While I was cooking, she was vacuuming the rooms.
  3. When he came in, I was painting the door.

Past Perfect

  1. I said I had met him the day before.
  2. Our boss had signed all the papers by four oclock.
  3. The meeting had begun before Mr Brown came.

5. Choose the right item.

  1. When we got up the sun ... .

    a) already rose
    b) had already risen
    c) has already risen

  2. Many years ago people ... .

    a) wore funny clothes
    b) wear funny clothes
    c) had worn funny clothes

  3. I ... home very early yesterday afternoon,

    a) had come
    b) was coming
    c) came

  4. When we entered the hall the music ... loudly,

    a) was playing
    b) played
    c) had played

  5. While my friend ... I was watching the birds,

    a) fished
    b) had fished
    c) was fishing

  6. He said I ... up the story myself,

    a) made
    b) make
    c) had made

  7. My elder brother ... school 3 years ago.

    a) finishes
    b) finished
    c) had finished

  8. Before mother called us she ... the table,

    a) set
    b) was setting
    c) had set

6. Complete the sentences opening the brackets.

  1. When the bell rang the children (to run) into the classroom and (to take) their seats.
  2. When I opened the door, the lesson (to begin) and the teacher (to explain) something to the class.
  3. Before we (to take) the boy to the theatre he (never to see) a play.
  4. I (to clean) the carpet when the dog (to come) and (to shake) himself.
  5. By the time we (to arrive) the party (to finish).
  6. What you (to do) when I (to call) you? I (to cook).
  7. When I (to get) to the playground my friend already (to leave) so I (not to see) him that day.
  8. We (to have) a good long holiday after we (to do) all the work.