Учебник для 6 класса
Let Us Read and Learn
The Past Perfect Tense
by 5 o’clock; by Sunday; by that time; by the end of the year;
My cousin had left by the first of April. My father had written the letter by that time.
... when ...; ... after ...; ... before ...
The train had already left when we arrived.
The students hadn’t finished the test when the bell rang.
— Had you read the book up to the end before she asked you for it?
7. Look at the pictures and say what had happened before Alex came back home from school.
Example: Bob had cleaned the flat with a vacuum cleaner before Alex came back home from school.
8. Ann had lived in London for two years. When she returned to Los Angeles she understood that many things had changed in her city. Say what had changed.
Example: A new school had appeared near her house.
9. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.
b) Look these words up in your vocabulary to make sure that you have guessed right.
10. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.
mighty (adj): a mighty nation, a mighty army, a mighty king, a mighty empire. The Atlantic is a mighty ocean.
to rise, rose, risen (v): The River Volga rises in the Valdai Hills. The Angara rises in Lake Baikal. The Nile rises in Lake Victoria,
to stretch (n): to stretch out one’s arm, to stretch the rope, to stretch one’s legs. The forests stretched for miles. The valley stretched away into the distance as far as the eye could see. She got out of bed and stretched. He stretched out his arm to try and get the apple. I decided to stretch my legs after dinner. The wicked children stretched the rope across the path,
a shore (n): a sea shore, shores of a lake, on the shore of the ocean, to walk along the shore. It is difficult to walk on such a rocky shore. She sells seashells on the seashore. We could see some tall trees on the other shore of the lake.
a beach (n): a sandy beach, a beach ball, a beach chair. They went down to the beach for a swim. We sat on the beach and ate our sandwiches. Some of the beaches are badly littered,
a desert (n): The Sahara Desert, a hot desert wind, desert areas, a desert island. Do you know where the Sahara Desert, the Gobi Desert and the Kara-Kum Desert are situated? Robinson Crusoe lived for many years on a desert island,
a chain (n): a chain of mountains, a gold chain. She always wears a gold chain round her neck. Could you show the main mountain chains on the map of America?
an attraction (n): The Tower of London is a great attraction for tourists. The cinema has little attraction for some people, a skyscraper [’skaiskreipa] (n): a tall skyscraper. New York is a city of skyscrapers. Are there any skyscrapers in Moscow?
mixture (n): a bottle of cough mixture. I listened to his story with a mixture of surprise and admiration,
to melt (v): The sun melted the snow. His heart melted when he saw the crying girl. These chocolates really melt in your mouth,
a melting pot:1 America has been a melting pot since its beginnings.
11. Match the words with their definitions.
12. Describe the picture, use the words:
13. Match the names of areas with the words describing them. Describe one of the areas using the words.
14. Use the words from ex. 9, ex. 10 to complete the sentences.
15. Express it in English.
16. Listen to the song “This Land Is Your Land”, 56, then sing it.
This Land Is Your Land
(words and music by Woody Guthrie)
As I was walking that ribbon1 of highway2
This land is your land, this land is my land,