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Unit 14. Wales

* * * * * Let Us Review * * * * *

1. Ask questions using:

to climb the rock, a modest person, striking news, picturesque scenery, to be buried, a smart student, a smart dress, to develop trade, prosperous countries, great devotion.

2. Look through the list of words and group them into four categories. First read out the verbs, then the nouns, adjectives and adverbs.

Twin, wickedly, bank, please, strike, act, picturesque, prosperous, trade, scream, bury, rock, grave, exactly, modest, striking, hang, stupid, deer, earn, smart, devotion, concentrate, busy, military, thief.

3. Say what or who can be:

1) prosperous; 2) picturesque; 3) wicked; 4) busy; 5) pleased; 6) stupid; 7) striking; 8) smart.

Example: Farmers can be prosperous.
                  Companies can be prosperous.
                  Cities can be prosperous.

4. Say what people want (would like)/dont want (wouldnt like) Jimmy to do.

Example: Mr Stones wants Jimmy to stop screaming at the top of his voice.

5. Complete the table.

Example: My mother let me go to the cinema. I was allowed to go to the cinema.


1. The professor made us set to work.


1. ---

2. ---

2. The children were not allowed to take part in the procession.

3. ---

3. He was made to solve the problem immediately.

4. My friends mother didnt let him buy a collection of beautiful stones.

4. ---

5. The doctor made the nurse test the patients blood pressure again.

5. ---

6. ---

6. Most of European governments were made to stop nuclear tests.

7. Our chemistry teacher doesnt let us mix these two gases.

7. ---

8. ---

8. Sam was never allowed to smoke.

9. I wont let you give sugar to the dog.

9. ---

10. ---

10. I was made to act on the stage, though I dont like performing.


have to do something
have got to do something


I have to get up at 5.
Sorry, we have to go.


Ive got to get up at 5.
Sorry, weve got to go.


Nelly doesnt have to cook herself.
They dont have to start early.


Nelly hasnt got to cook herself.
They havent got to start early.


Do we have to return at six?
Does she have to leave the university?


Have we got to return at six?
Has she got to leave the university?


When do you have to arrive?
Why does she have to stay alone?


When have you got to arrive?
Why has she got to stay alone?

6. Paraphrase using the construction have got to do something.

  1. Ann has to run.
  2. Billy has to play the piano every evening.
  3. We dont have to wake him so early.
  4. Where do you have to go?
  5. They dont have to learn Welsh.
  6. I have to phone Phil.

7. Work in pairs. Ask why your partner has to do something. Let him explain the reason to you. Choose either of the two constructions.

Example: 1: P1: Ive got to go.
                    P2: Why have you got to go now?
                    P3: Ive got to go because my mother is waiting for me. I promised her to come at six.

Example: 2: P1: I have to wake at five.
                    P2: Why do you have to wake at five?
                    P3: I have to wake at five because my father takes me fishing and we are leaving at six.

  1. Ive got to get up early.
  2. I have to stay at home today.
  3. I have to call Mary at once.
  4. Ive got to buy new shoes.
  5. Ive got to send a letter to him at once.
  6. Ive got to take my little brother to the zoo.
  7. I have to do this exercise in writing.
  8. I have to translate this article.
  9. I have to write a short story about some animal.
  10. Ive got to run now.