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Учебник для 6 класса

Английский язык

       

Let Us Read and Learn

Focus_______________________________________

Subject1                               Complex Object

Mother
Nina
He
They
I
etc.

want(s)
would like
expect(s)
don’t want
doesn’t want
wouldn’t like
don’t expect
doesn’t expect


him
her
you
us
them
John
Kitty
the children,
etc.

to do
sth

1 subject — подлежащее

1. Я хочу, чтобы он вернулся в 5.
2. Мама не хочет, чтобы я стал актёром.
3. Анне хотелось бы, чтобы мы пошли в зоопарк.
4. Нам не хотелось бы, чтобы ты вернулся слишком поздно.
5. Я не ожидаю, что они ответят на этот трудный вопрос.
6. Мы предполагаем, что поезд прибудет вовремя.
7. Они предполагают, что Джон остановится в гостинице.

1. I want him to come back at 5.
2. Mother doesn’t want me to become an actor.
3. Ann would like us to go to the zoo.
4. We wouldn’t like you to return too late.
5. I don’t expect them to answer this difficult question.
6. We expect the train to arrive on time.
7. They expect John to stay at a hotel.

6. Read the sentences in the tables, give their Russian equivalents and notice the difference.

I
I
Mother
Mother
My teacher

tell
ask
advises
teaches
tells

John
him
Mary
her
me

to do his room.
to do it carefully.
to wash up after meals.
to wash up well.
to be kind and friendly.

I
I
Mother
Mother
Our teacher

want
would like
wants
wants
expects

John
him
Mary
her
us

to do his room.
to do it carefully.
to wash up after meals.
to wash up well.
to be kind and friendly.

7. Make up sentences.

I

want
don’t want
would like
expect
don’t expect

mother
father
my friend
him
her
them
us
you

to

play football with me.
come home soon.
phone me at five.
take me to Britain.
go to Scotland.
wait for me after classes.
go to the baker’s.
help me with Text 1.

8. Say using the phrases on the right:

a) what parents usually want/don’t want their children to do;
b) what teachers usually expect/don’t expect their pupils to do;
c) what you would like/ wouldn’t like your friend(s) to do.

tell lies
come home on time smoke cigarettes
be too noisy
help other people
be honest and brave
read a lot
keep the environment clean
go with me to the disco
eat more fruit

Example: My parents don’t want me to come home late.

9. Express the same in English.

  1. Никто не хочет, чтобы он сделал всю эту работу один.
  2. Я ожидаю, что ваши друзья помогут вам сделать (make) карту Британских островов.
  3. Алисе хотелось бы, чтобы учителя были добрыми.
  4. Красная Шапочка не ожидала, что Волк побежит к домику бабушки.
  5. Мы хотели, чтобы вам было удобно.
  6. Ей не хотелось бы, чтобы мы давали ей советы.
  7. Я не ожидаю, что они вернутся рано: дорога дальняя (it’s a long way).
  8. Мои родители не хотят, чтобы я читал в постели.
  9. Детям хотелось бы, чтобы он показал им новый фильм.
  10. Я не хочу, чтобы она сделала (make) эту ошибку ещё раз.

10. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.

  1. He makes gloves. He is a glove-maker.
  2. Their company was not big. There were four of them. The Royal Shakespeare Company is well-known all over the world.
  3. Young people from 13 to 19 years old are called teenagers.
  4. He has not done anything criminal. He is not a criminal. Prison is a place for punishing criminals. He is the country’s most wanted criminal.1
  5. Would you like a book of poetry for your birthday?

b) Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right.

11. Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.

a twin (n): a twin sister, a twin brother. My brother and I look so alike that people often think we are twins. These twins are as like as two peas.2 Have you met my twin brother?

a deer (n): one deer, three deer, many deer. The deer is a grass-eating animal that can run very fast. People say that deer are gentle and kind animals. Do you know that there is a famous Disney film about a deer called Bamby?

to please (v): to please sb, as you please. This new picture pleases me. Stay here as long as you please.

pleased: to be pleased with/about sth, to feel/look pleased. Are you pleased with your new car? I am pleased to see you, Ann. Do you know why John looks so pleased?

stupid, more stupid, the most stupid (adj): a stupid person, a stupid idea, to be stupid, to look stupid, it is stupid of you. What a stupid question to ask! It was stupid of you to put that funny hat on!

a thief — thieves (n): a car thief, jewel thieves.3 A thief has taken my bike. I think I know the thief who has stolen Mrs Richard’s bag.

to scream (v): to scream for help, to scream loudly. People usually scream when they are in pain or very frightened. She screamed when she saw a snake. “Get out of here!” I screamed.

wicked (adj): a wicked witch, a wicked stepmother, a wicked man, it is wicked of you. She played the part of the wicked witch in the school performance. It was wicked of Jane to tell my secret to the whole class, wickedly (adv): She smiled at us wickedly but said nothing.

exact (adj): the exact time, the exact place, the exact route, at the exact moment, to be (more) exact. Can you tell me the exact time? He was looking for the exact word in his vocabulary. Let’s meet at about five, at five fifteen, to be exact.

exactly (adv): Please tell me exactly what you saw. “So she lives in South Cornwall.” — “Exactly.” “I hear that tomorrow you are leaving for London,” she said. “Not exactly. First we are going to Paris for a day or two,” John answered.

to act (v): to act quickly/fast, to act slowly, to act correctly, to act your age, to act on the stage. We’ve talked enough, it’s time to act! A trained dog can act as a guide to a blind4 person. Stop crying like a baby, act your age.

a law (n): to be against the law, to break the law, to make a law, the laws of nature. If you break the law you must expect to be punished. Parking here is against the law. The British Parliament makes laws for the country.

a bank (n): the bank of the river, the left/right bank, a grassy bank, a high/low bank. The town is on high banks on both sides of the river. I got out of the boat onto the bank.

to earn (v): to earn money, to earn 400 dollars a week, to earn one’s living. To earn means to get money for doing work. Working at school she earned 800 pounds a month. What do you do to earn your living?

a top (n): at the top of the page, on the top of the mountain, at the top of one’s voice, at the top of the class. The mountain tops were hidden in mist. Her name is at the top of the page. He is always at the top of the class. He got angry and shouted at the top of his voice.

for a while: I can’t answer your question now, let me think for a while.

1 a most wanted criminal — преступник, которого полиция хочет арестовать в первую очередь
2 a pea — горошина
3 jewel thieves — похитители бриллиантов
4 blind — слепой

12. Guess the meanings of these words and check yourselves. See the vocabulary at the end of the textbook.

glove-maker
shoemaker
dressmaker
coffee maker

lawmaker
clock-maker
troublemaker
holidaymaker

13. Complete the sentences. Use the words from ex. 10, ex. 11.

  1. A boy or a girl between the ages of 13 and 19 is a ... .
  2. A big wild animal with long horns is called a ... .
  3. If someone acts or speaks foolishly (like a fool) we say that he or she is ... .
  4. Two people born to one mother at the same time are ... .
  5. A river is a big stream of water between two ... .
  6. A person who takes things belonging to other people (who steals) is a ....
  7. If you cry at the top of your voice you ... .
  8. Poets write ... .

14. Say how they earn their living.

Example: A pilot flies a plane. A dressmaker makes dresses.

  1. A pilot ________________________________.
  2. _________________makes dresses.
  3. A baker ________________________________.
  4. _________________ writes for a newspaper.
  5. _________________ sells vegetables and fruit.
  6. A doctor _______________________________.
  7. A teacher ______________________________.
  8. _________________ writes novels, stories.
  9. _________________ plays in a theatre.
  10. A glove-maker _______________________________.
  11. _________________ makes shoes.
  12. _________________ plays professional football.

15. Say:

  1. when your parents last looked pleased;
  2. why teachers often ask their pupils “Act your age!”;
  3. which of your friends comes to meet you at the exact time you expect him;
  4. what people are called twins;
  5. what questions you think are stupid;
  6. what you usually do to please your mother;
  7. what fairy tales about wicked witches you remember.

16. a) Look at the picture of a theatre hall. What are the Russian equivalents for the words in the picture?

b) Listen to the dialogue, 39, read it artistically and then learn it by heart.

Alice: Are there any seats for Saturday night?

Box-office clerk:1 There isn’t a performance on Saturday.

Alice: Isn’t there? Oh, sorry. My mistake. Then, I’d like to have two seats for Sunday.

Box-office clerk: Would you like them in the stalls?2

Alice: Haven’t you got anything cheaper?

Box-office clerk: Certainly. I’ve got some free seats in the dress circle3 and two seats in the gallery4 which are even cheaper.

Alice: Are there any seats in the boxes?5

Box-office clerk: No, I’m afraid that’s all there is.

Alice: Fine. How much are the seats in the dress circle?

Box-office clerk: Would you like the third row? The seats there are £7.50 each.

Alice: OK, I’ll take them. Here is £15. Thank you very much.

Box-office clerk: There you are. I hope you will enjoy the performance.

1 a box-office clerk — театральный кассир
2 in the stalls — в партере
3 in the dress circle — в бельэтаже (первый ярус)
4 in the gallery — на галёрке
5 in the boxes — в ложах

17. Think up your own dialogues replacing the underlined words.

 

 

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