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Let Us Read and Learn

13. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.

  1. She speaks English with a strange accent.
  2. Mrs Brown helped the police a lot. They thanked her for her cooperation.
  3. The picnickers made a fire near the lake.
  4. Ecological problems are global problems of the twentieth century.
  5. Why do we speak about the ecological crisis nowadays?
  6. People of many countries come to Moscow to take part in the international Film Festival.
  7. Energy is the power from electricity, wind, etc. that helps machines work.
  8. When we are happy, we often shout Hoorah!.
  9. Everybody says that the film is good but I personally dont like it.
  10. The news was a terrible shock. Who could expect it?
  11. Our teacher was taken to hospital and we were all shocked.

b) Look these words up to make sure you have guessed right.

14. Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.

a term (n): a summer term, a winter term. In British schools the summer term runs from April to July. It was the first week of the term.

to clear (v): to clear the way, to clear a chimney, to clear the table. The children were helping me clear rubbish from the lake. Will you clear the table when we finish eating? Why dont you go for a walk to clear your head?

a pile (n): a pile of books, a pile of plates, a pile of clothes. The pile of books is too heavy for her to lift. We put the plates in a pile on the table.

to pile (v): He piled food on to his plate. We found the clean plates piled neatly on the kitchen table. Father took the old newspapers and piled them on top of each other.

a bit / a little bit: a little bit of sugar, a bit of bread, to be a bit hungry, to walk a bit. He took a bit of paper and a few bits of wood and made a fire. They waited a bit before the bus came. Sorry, Id like to leave earlier today: Im a bit tired.

a mess (n): to be in a mess. After the party there was a terrible mess in the room. Her hair was in a terrible mess.

a society (n): a sports society, a drama society. In our school we have a Music Society, which many pupils have joined.

a can (n): a can of coke, a can of lemonade, a can of pepsi, a can of soda. We need three more cans of coke. Its a long journey and well be thirsty, to can (u): We can different fruit and vegetables every autumn.

to spoil (u): to spoil the clothes, to spoil the evening, to spoil the effect. You have spoiled everything by your questions, said the girl. After the rainstorm her new dress was quite spoiled,

a disaster (n): a terrible disaster. Fires and storms are disasters. His first day at school was a disaster,

to praise (v): to praise the speech, to praise the winner, to praise the film. The teacher praised Mikes work. Judys friends praised the picture that she had on the wall of her living room,

praise (n): Thats the best praise Ive ever heard.

15. Name 3 things you have personally seen or heard recently.

16. Match the words similar in meaning.1

Example: to ruin to spoil

to ruin
a little
a crisis
help (n)
to try
to make dirty and dangerous
to surprise unpleasantly
to take away
to begin working

a bit
to test
to spoil
a disaster
to shock
to pollute
to set to work
to clear away

1 similar in meaning ,

17. Think of the best way to express the same in Russian.

18. Complete the text. Use the new words. Ex. 14 can help you. Check your version with the help of the tape, 21.


On the last day of the t... Jane decided to surprise her mother and make a few c... of apple jam. She cl... the table, pi... a lot of apples on it and bravely s... to work. The whole job was a b... difficult, as Jane thought, but she knew she could do it. She worked and worked with a lot of en... and a quarter of an hour later she put the cut apples on the cooker and went out to watch the telly leaving the kitchen in a terrible m... . The film was interesting, so she forgot all about the jam.

Luckily, Janes mother returned from work a b... earlier that day. She was just in time to turn off the gas before the jam was sp... . The kitchen looked ugly but the mother was not sh..., she didnt say anything but quietly cl... the ...s, called Jane and pr... her little daughter for the tasty jam.

19. Listen to the tape, 22, and read the poem, then learn it by heart.


I go forth to move about the Earth.
I go forth as the owl,2 wise and knowing.
I go forth as the eagle, powerful and bold.
I go forth as the dove,3 peaceful and gentle.
I go forth to move about the Earth in wisdom,4 courage, and peace.

1 forth
2 an owl
3 a dove
4 wisdom