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Unit 4. Man and the Natural World

            • TOWN AND COUNTRY
            • POLLUTION1

* * * * * Let Us Review * * * * *

1. Refer the words to the right group: 1) animals; 2) weather effects; 3) places.

savannas, mammals, mists, coasts, humans, insects, rainbows, rainstorms, habitats, showers, area, sunlight, pigeons, the greenhouse effect, reptiles, temperature, climatic changes

2. Make up true sentences of what can be done with these.

Example:Houses can be damaged.


sick people/cure;


3. Name not less than 6 mammals, 3 insects, 3 reptiles.

4. Say what materials are usually/often/seldom used to make different objects.

Example: Tables are often made of wood.

if / when clauses2


  1. If they forecast rainstorms, we will take umbrellas with us.
  2. If it is misty tomorrow, it will be difficult to drive a car.
  3. When the temperature is below zero, you will be able to skate.
  4. When people can influence the climate, well see a lot of changes.

  1. We will go on a picnic if they dont forecast showers.
  2. If he doesnt read this book, he wont learn a lot of facts about extinct animals.
  3. Nick will be surprised when his friend doesnt come home on time.

1 pollution ( )
2 a clause

5. Make up if/when sentences about life in the country and life in a city.

Example: If you go to the country, you will be able to enjoy fresh air. If you go to the country, you wont be able to visit exhibitions regularly.

1. if you go to the country
2. when you stay in the country
3. if you spend your holdays in the country
4. when you return to the city
5. if you live in a city
6. if you prefer to stay in a city

go to the theatre
watch wildlife
enjoy the beauty of the countryside

visit museums and picture galleries
have a lot of fun in city parks
take long walks in the forest

6. Play the if game. You may begin like this.

Example: Pupil 1. If I go to the country, I will get up early.
            Pupil 2. If I get up early, Ill see the sunrise.
            Pupil 3. If I see the sunrise, Ill be happy.
            Pupil 4. If I am happy, ...

  1. If I visit London, ...
  2. If I have a long holiday, ...
  3. If I have a lot of money, ...

7. Complete the dialogue Where Do You Want to Live?, check up your version of the dialogue with the help of the tape, 15, and then act it out. Dont forget to change over.


Dave: Paul! You know, what? My fathers got a new job! We are going to live in New York.

Paul: ___________ ? _________ ? Have you ever lived in a big city?

Dave: ___________. Have you?

Paul: Yes, I have. I lived in San Francisco with my grandparents for a few years. I didnt like it there.

Dave: ___________? Were there too many people or too much noise and traffic?

Paul: ___________ And I dont like crowds and pollution. There isnt enough fresh air in big cities, you know.

Dave: __________. But there are a lot of parks in New York, arent there?

Paul: ___________ But Im sure there are a lot more cars and car parks there. I really prefer a quiet life in a small village.

8. Read the poem He Loves the Ocean and say where she and he would like to live: in town or in the country? Explain your choice. Then try and sing it. Choose any suitable1 melody you like.


He loves the ocean.
He loves the sky.
She loves to travel.
She loves to fly.
He likes the country.
He loves the clouds.
She likes the city.
She loves the crowds.

She loves the telephone.
She loves to talk.
He loves the mountains.
He loves to walk.
She loves to travel.
She loves to fly.
He loves the ocean.
He loves the sky.

1 suitable



big bigger the biggest (species)
cold colder the coldest (climate)


useful more useful the most useful (insects)
dangerous more dangerous the most dangerous (dogs)

better the best (effects)
worse the worst (place)
elder the eldest (brother)
older the oldest (creature)
further the furthest (argument)
farther the farthest (corner of the park)

less the least (important question) many

more the most (dangerous sport)

9. a) Divide the adjectives in three categories: 1) those which describe life in the city; 2) those which describe life in the country; 3) those which can describe life in the city and in the country.

clean, slow, dirty, healthy, friendly, dangerous, modern, big, expensive, noisy, boring, quiet, interesting, busy, beautiful

b) Use the words above to make these sentences true and compare city and country life.

Example: The country is cleaner than the town.

  1. The streets in the city are ... than the streets in the country.
  2. The air in the city is ... than the air in the country.
  3. The buildings in the city are ... than in the country.
  4. Nature in the city is ... than nature in the country.
  5. Life in the country is ... than it is in the city.
  6. It is ... to live in the city than in the country.
  7. People in the country are often ... than people in the city.

10. Compare the three school reports. Remember that A is an excellent mark, B is a good mark, C means satisfactory, D means quite satisfactory1 and E means not satisfactory.

Example: In English Kate is the best, Linda is worse than Dan (or Dan is better than Linda). Linda is the worst of the three.

1 quite satisfactory is not as good as satisfactory

11. Use less, fewer or more to complete the sentences and make them true.

  1. There is ... noise in the country than in the city.
  2. There are ... tall trees in the country, but there are ... tall buildings in the city.
  3. There are ... people in the country.
  4. The life is ... expensive in the city, but it is ... healthy.
  5. There are ... cars and buses in the country.
  6. There are ... modern conveniences in the city.
  7. Life is ... boring in the city.



Mr Brown lives here.
So do I.

He doesnt like it.
Neither do his children.

Pete bought two tickets.
So did Jane.

Pete didnt go there.
Neither did Jane.

We are at school.
So is Bob.

They arent cold.
Neither am I.

Susan can swim.
So can her cousins.

Susan cant ski.
Neither can her brother.

Bill will be 13 next year.
So will Fran and John.

I wont go to Africa.
Neither will Irene.

We have got a nice cottage.
So has Mrs Blake.

Bob has not got a bike.
Neither has his sister.

12. Nicks younger brother John wants to be like Nick. He always says he likes and dislikes the things Nick does. Sometimes Nick laughs at John and says funny things but little John agrees with everything. Play the part of John.


1. I like crocodiles.
2. I have never seen a bee.
3. Yesterday I ate ten ice creams.
4. I cant swim at all.
5. I am going to be a butcher.
6. I was flying in my dream.
7. I must cook supper for the whole family.
8. I will be one hundred years old tomorrow.


1. So do I.

12. a) Read the words in transcription.

b) Listen to the tape, 6, and check your reading.