to look at — посмотреть на
Don’t look at me so angrily!
to look for — искать
I am looking for my glasses and I can’t find them.
to look through — просмотреть, бегло прочитать
Look through the newspaper and tell me about the most important sports matches.
to look after — присматривать, ухаживать
Who looks after your cat when you go away?
to look up (in) — посмотреть (в каком-то источнике)
If you don’t know the word, look it up in the dictio-
8. Write for, up (in), at, after, through after the verb to look in each sentence.
People like to look ... animals at the zoo.
She took a pencil out of the pocket and looked around ... some paper.
Will you look ... my garden while I’m away?
They will look ... the projects and choose the best.
If you don’t know the word, you should look it ... in the dictionary.
Where have you been? I’ve been looking ... you all over.
Where is little Ann? Who is looking ... the baby?
I saw Mother cook/cooking a pie.
We did not notice them come/coming in.
Did you hear Nick sing/singing at the party?
Mr Brown felt the little girl touch his hand.
1. We did not notice them come back.
2. Mother watched the children playing.
3. Who saw Mr Smith swim across the river?
4. I didn’t hear you come in.
5. She suddenly felt someone touch her on the shoulder.
6. Can you hear a child crying?
1. Мы не заметили, как они вернулись.
2. Мама наблюдала, как дети играли.
3. Кто видел, что мистер Смит переплыл реку?
4. Я не слышал, как ты вошёл.
5. Внезапно она почувствовала, как кто-то дотронулся до её плеча.
6. Ты слышишь, как плачет ребёнок?
scream at the top of his/her voice
do harm to plants and animals
10. Work in pairs. Ask your friend if he/she has ever seen, watched, noticed or heard the following.
Example: — Have you ever seen a hunter shoot an animal?
— No, I haven’t. Have you?
— Yes, I have.
a hunter shoot an animal;
a squirrel climb up a tree;
a hare run across the field;
a kitten play with a mouse;
an elephant carry people;
a horse winning a race;
a monkey reading a book;
a bear dancing;
a deer eat green grass;
a pigeon sing.
11. Express the same in English.
Я никогда не слышал, как эта девочка смеётся. Я никогда не видел, как она плачет.
Мы не заметили, как он вышел из класса.
Бетти любила наблюдать, как желтые листья падают с деревьев.
Все любят слушать, как поёт Майкл Джексон?
Я почувствовала, как что-то горячее коснулось моей ноги.
Ты когда-нибудь видел, как встаёт солнце?
Маленький принц каждый день наблюдал за тем, как садится солнце.
Мама с гордостью наблюдала, как её дочь играла на пианино.
Ты любишь смотреть, как она танцует?
Я много раз слышала, как она читает книги своим маленьким детям.
12. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.
Masha has lost her passport. She can’t find it anywhere.
The president of the company has a lot of visitors.
A party of climbers was on their way to Everest.
b) Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right.
13. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.
to enter (v): to enter a room, to enter a house, to enter a building. Please enter the house by the back door. He stopped for a second before he entered the room. Knock before you enter.
to enter college, to enter university: My elder brother is going to enter university next year. Is it difficult to enter Moscow State University?
agriculture (n, no plural): Agriculture is farming which means growing things and keeping animals. What do you know about agriculture in Britain?
agricultural (adj): agricultural workers, an agricultural land, an agricultural country, agricultural products. There is a lot of agricultural land in the southeast of England.
to argue (d): to argue with somebody about something. Don’t argue with your teacher about the things you don’t understand. Stop arguing with me, do as I say.
an argument (n): a long argument, a strong argument, an argument about something. After a long argument we decided where to go on holiday. There should be no arguments between friends.
to injure (v): to injure people, to injure animals, to injure one’s hand (foot, etc.). Jack fell from the tree and injured his back.
to be injured, to be badly injured, to be injured in an accident: Two people were killed and seven were injured when the car hit the bus.
injured: an injured person, an injured animal. The injured man was taken to hospital.
to rescue (v): to rescue a person, to rescue an animal, to rescue a bird. He jumped into the river and rescued the child who couldn’t swim.
rescue (n): to come to someone’s rescue, to go to someone’s rescue. The child was alone in the burning house but the firemen came to his rescue.
Rescue Service: The Mountain Rescue Service has to go out to help the climbers who need them.
to serve (v): to serve in the army. Did he serve in the army for two years? It serves you (her, him) right. It serves her right that she feels sick — she has eaten too much.
a service (n): government service, hotel service. The food in the restaurant was good but the service was poor. Has the town got a good bus service?
at one’s service: I’m at your service if you need me.
brief (adj): a brief letter, a brief talk, a brief look, a brief holiday, a brief visit. We had a brief holiday last year, we spent only a week in the Crimea.
in brief — in a few words: Tell me the story in brief.
a cathedral (л): a beautiful cathedral, to admire the cathedral. — What is the cathedral, Mummy? — It is a big- and important church, dear. — What cathedrals do you know in London? — The most famous is St. Paul’s Cathedral in the City.
fluent (adj): to be fluent in English (French, etc.), to speak fluent Russian (Italian, etc). If a person speaks fluent English he can speak the language easily and correctly.
fluently (adv): The boy could speak two languages fluently-
a stream (л): a stream of water, a narrow stream, a mountain stream, a stream in the valley. A stream is a small river. There were streams of water running down the streets after the rain.
a path (n): a garden path, a path through the forest, to walk along the path. A path is a long narrow line of ground made by or for people walking. Along the country road there is usually a narrow path for people to walk on.
14. Choose the right item.
Example: This path is quite ... . Welsh is not ... spoken in the world. (wide, widely) — This path is quite wide. Welsh is not widely spoken in the world.
They are ... drivers. They drive their cars ... . (dangerously, dangerous)
He got up ... and left the room without saying a word. She gave us a ... look but did not say a word. (quickly, quick)
Do you think his English is ... ? Does he speak English ... ? (fluent, fluently)
His ... speech impressed me greatly. He didn’t give us any details about the trip, he spoke very ... . (brief, briefly)
Walk across the road ... . My father is a ... driver: he has never had any problems. (careful, carefully)
— I have a ... plan. Many years ago people called this place ... . (differently, different)
15. Make up adjectives on the model. Try and guess their meanings.
Example: music — musical (музыкальный)
the history of
on the culture of
David reads a lot of books on travels in China.
Professor Pullin gives wonderful lectures on the history of Wales.
Could I have a book of your notes on Scotland?
Do you know any facts on the culture of ancient Greece?
What is your mark in French?
Who gives you classes in maths?
When are you having your last exam in geography?
1 notice the difference: ['neitjb — 'naetjral]
2 notice the difference: ['neijn — 'nsefnal]
3 you can also use all these words with the preposition about: books about animals, etc.
16. Choose the right preposition: on or in.
Susie is finishing her book ... the culture of ancient Romans.
Could I look through your notes ... the agriculture of the region?
When do you have classes ... the English Literature?
What mark did Henry get ... PE last term?
When are you having your final exam ... Latin?
Have you ever read any articles ... geography?
Tell me Nick’s mark ... music.
17. Listen to the tape, 51, and read the proverb, then learn it by heart.
He Who Knows
He who knows not, and knows not that he knows not, is a fool. Shun1 him.
He who knows not, and knows that he knows not, is a child. Teach him.
He who knows, and knows not that he knows, is asleep. Wake him.
He who knows, and knows that he knows, is wise. Follow him.
(a Persian2 proverb)
1 to shun — избегать, остерегаться
2 Persian — персидский