9. a) Read the word combinations and give their Russian equivalents.
The girl talking to Tom, the plane flying in the sky, the bird singing in the tree, the children swimming in the sea, factories producing food, people living in towns.
b) Match the two parts of these sentences.
1. The girl talking to Tom ...
2. There were many clouds and we could not see...
3. The bird singing in the tree...
4. Let’s get up early tomorrow and go and watch...
5. The children swimming in the sea...
a) is not a pigeon, dear.
b) the rising sun.
c) is his sister.
d) were laughing loudly.
e) the plane flying in the sky.
10. Give English equivalents for these.
Оконченное письмо, написанное стихотворение, забытое правило, разрушенный город, приготовленный обед, разбитая тарелка.
11. a) Read the word combinations and give their Russian equivalents.
The story told by my granny, the pictures taken in London, mistakes made in the test, the present bought for my brother, dinners cooked by mother, the ruined castles, the letters received yesterday.
b) Match the two parts of the sentences.
1. I have brought you...
2. The teacher was surprised at Tim’s...
3. I can tell you...
4. Vegetables cooked by mother...
5. The letters received yesterday...
a) the pictures taken in London.
b) should be translated immediately.
c) are always tasty.
d) the story told by my granny.
e) mistakes made in the test.
12. Complete the sentences choosing the right participle.
I could not read the names of some of the cities (showing, shown) on the map.
The channel (separating, separated) Great Britain from the continent is called the English Channel.
What is this part of the country (calling, called)?
Parts of the Great Wall of China (building, built) in ancient times can still be seen.
Potatoes (bringing, brought) to Europe from America have become very popular.
What do we call the continent (discovering, discovered) by Columbus?
Many ancient towns had strong walls (defending, defended) their inhabitants from enemies.
Most people (living, lived) in Scotland are called Scots.
13. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.
Lowlands are low-lying lands and highlands are lands in the mountains.
A waterfall is a place where a river falls from a high place to a lower place.
At the sea there were a lot of holidaymakers, most of them were families with little children.
I was born in Moscow, so Moscow is my birthplace.
Pirates are sailors who attack other ships and steal things from them.
From his position on the hill he could see the city lying far away.
Oxford and Cambridge are the most famous universities in Britain. After school she wants to go to university.
A ruler is a person who rules a country. Who is the real ruler of the country?
b) Look these words up to make sure you have guessed right.
14. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.
to admire (v): to admire the flowers, to admire a person for his or her courage. Did he admire our garden? I don’t admire this singer as much as you do.
scenery (n, always singular): beautiful scenery, countryside scenery, to enjoy the scenery. When you speak about the scenery of a place you mean its hills, rivers, forests and so on.
a plain (n): a grassy plain, the great plains of America, a large plain, in the open plain. A plain is a large area of land with very few trees on it. “The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain.”
a meadow (n): in the meadow, a green meadow, a meadow covered in/with tulips. A meadow is a field which has grass and flowers growing in it. The smell of spring flowers was coming from the meadow. Have you ever seen a meadow in spring?
a valley (n): a low valley, a valley in the mountains, down in the valley, a lily of the valley. What is a valley? It is a long, narrow piece of land between hills, it often has a river running through it. The civilization of Egypt was born in the Nile valley,
a hedge — hedges (n): a green hedge, a high hedge, a low hedge, a hedge round a garden, to be separated by a hedge. Why did you decide to put a hedge around your garden? England looks like one great park with its old trees, green meadows and hedges. A beautiful hedge separated the two fields,
to excite (v): to excite people, to excite the audience, to be excited by the news (book, film, performance, etc.). The plan of the party excited us. The circus tickets will excite the children. He was so excited by his birthday present he could hardly sleep,
exciting (adj): an exciting story, an exciting idea, exciting news, an exciting moment. A trip to the mountains wasn’t a very exciting idea at first. How exciting! What exciting news you’ve brought!
to attract (v): to attract people, to attract animals, to be attracted by the scenery (the smell, the picture). The South of France attracts a lot of holidaymakers every summer. I was attracted by her nice smile,
attractive (adj): an attractive girl, an attractive child, an attractive face. I don’t think he’s attractive at all. After we painted the house it looked very attractive.
flat, flatter, (the) flattest (adj): a flat plate, a flat cap, a flat field, a flat countryside, as flat as a pancake. The countryside is very flat here: there are no hills at all. People used to think that the world was flat, now we know that it is round. Holland is a very flat country; some people say it is as flat as a pancake,
rest (n): the rest of the books, the rest of the apples, the rest of the stories, the rest of the people. There are ten apples on the plate, three are green and the rest (of them) are red. John and I are going to play tennis, what are the rest of you going to do?
a shape (n): clouds of different shapes, the shape of a man’s nose, in the shape of a heart. What’s the shape of the table? Is it round? She baked a cake in the shape of a heart. The small silver box had a square shape,
to connect (v): to connect two things, to be connected by something. The bridge across the river connects the old and the new parts of the city. The two towns were connected by a railway.
15. Look through ex. 13, ex. 14 and choose the words to fit these categories: 1) places; 2) people and their occupations.
16. Name them.
3—5 things that can be: a) attractive; b) exciting;
3—5 universities that you know;
3—5 things that can: a) excite people; b) attract people; c) connect people or things;
3 things that can be in the shape of: a) a heart; b) a square; c) an oval;
5 things that you really admire.
17. Listen to the dialogue, 28, and read it, then act it out.
A HOLIDAY IN SCOTLAND
Mr Adams: Well, kids, I’ve got wonderful news for you!
Duncan: What is it, Daddy? Are we going to the circus?
Liz: I know, we are going to the zoo!
Mr Adams: No, kids. It’s much better. You’ve been so good this school year that I decided to take you on a holiday.
Duncan: Wow! Where are we going? Is Mummy coming too?
Mr Adams: Of course she is. We’re going to the Highlands of Scotland, my birthplace.
Duncan: Great! Dennis was there last summer with his parents and he loved it.
Liz: I think that’s terrific, Dad! You know, Miss Hunter, our geography teacher, told us only yesterday that the Highlands of Scotland are famous for their scenery and people from all over the world go there to admire it.
Mr Adams: Miss Hunter is quite right. There is nothing like the high mountains, deep valleys and grassy plains of my bonny1 Scotland. My heart’s in the Highlands as Robert Burns2 wrote. You know, when I speak of Scotland I become something of a poet myself.
Liz: Oh yes, we know that. When are we going? Where are we going to stay? In a hotel? How are we going to get there? Shall I take my skis? Is there any snow? Is it cold in Scotland in summer? Oh, Dad, it’s so exciting!
1 bonny — красивый
2 Robert Burns (1759—1796) — a Scottish poet who wrote hundreds of songs and poems, mainly on country life, love, and national pride