14. a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean.
The country is rich in natural resources.
The doctor said he would test my blood pressure.
The box is heavy. It weighs1 more than a ton.
It is very good when there is much ozone in the air.
We need a filter. The water is very dirty.
What do you know about ecology in big cities?
Is ultraviolet radiation dangerous?
b) Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right.
15. Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them.
an environment (n): a healthy environment. A noisy room is not the best environment to work in. Many people understand they should protect the environment. Cars are ruining our environment.
to pollute (v): To pollute the water, air, atmosphere means to make it dirty and dangerous for people and animals to live in or to use. Nowadays many newspapers write about the polluted atmosphere of towns and cities.
pollution (n): Environmental pollution is becoming dangerous. Many scientists speak about serious changes in the climate because of the pollution of the atmosphere. The government didn’t seem to notice the pollution and the noise.
to cause (v): to cause a fire, to cause an illness, to cause danger. A burning cigarette caused the fire. What causes hot air to rise? Overeating causes a lot of diseases.
destruction (n): awful destruction, the destruction of the environment. As the result of the fire we can speak about the destruction of the whole forest. The destruction of the city took place in 1942. Pouring oil2 into the water will cause pollution and the destruction of our seas and rivers,
a shortage (n): There was no shortage of helpers. After the hot summer there was a shortage of water,
a population (n): a small population, with a population less than ... . What’s the population of London? The population in Western European countries is growing. Moscow is a city with a population of over 10 million.
a dump (n): Take all that litter to the town rubbish dump. This town is a real dump! to dump (v): They dumped a lot of rubbish in the river. All the countries protest against dumping acid waste in the seas and oceans,
waste (n): nuclear waste, radioactive waste, industrial waste. A lot of waste from factories and plants goes into the river. The scientists try to solve the problem of radioactive waste,
poison (n): Some mushrooms have poison. Rat poison can be dangerous for people,
to poison (v): People can be poisoned by industrial waste.
Someone tried to poison our dog’s food. Isn’t it cruel! nuclear (adj): a nuclear war, nuclear tests, a nuclear-free zone. There are no winners in nuclear war. Nuclear waste endangers people’s lives. People all over the world protest against nuclear tests. I should like to see Europe as a nuclear-free zone,
a weapon (n): nuclear weapons. Guns and knives are weapons; they are used to kill or hurt people in a fight or a war. That night the great detective was not carrying a weapon. What countries of the world have got nuclear weapons?
to survive (v): We shall survive. We won’t die. Do you know that camels3 can survive for many days without eating and drinking? He was the only one who survived in the fire. The first settlers in America survived their first severe winter on the new continent and celebrated it with their Indian friends,
safe (adj): This food is not safe for babies. Bye-bye, have a safe journey. A knife is not a safe toy.
1 to weigh — весить, иметь вес
2 oil — нефть
3 a camel — верблюд
16. Complete the sentences using the words: a shortage, waste, destruction, pollution, poison, population (2), nuclear weapons.
The government is not supported by the ... .
The weathermen are speaking about the ... of water again this summer.
The country is not able to feed its ... .
Factories pour a lot of ... into seas.
What caused the ... of wildlife in this area?
Smoke from factories is making ... quite bad.
Industrial waste can be ... for fish living in the seas.
For the first time ... were used by the USA in 1945.
17. a) Think of the best way to express the same in Russian.
b) Make up not less than 10 true sentences with some of these word combinations.
18. Listen to the tape, 17, and read the poem, then learn it by heart.
I MEANT TO DO MY WORK TODAY
(by Richard Le Yalleinne)
I meant to do my work today —
But a brown bird sang in the apple tree,
And a butterfly flitted1 across the field,
And all the leaves were calling me,
And the wind went sighing2 over the land
Tossing the grasses to and fro,3 And a rainbow held out its shining hand —
So what could I do but laugh and go?
1 to flit — порхать, перелетать с места на место
2 to go sighing — вздыхать
3 to toss to and fro — раскачивать